Professional Hydro Jetting Service And Installations


Have you ever experienced a clogged drain so bad that not even traditional drain cleaning methods can get rid of it? Are you drains blocked with years of hardened debris and grease? Sometimes, need something a little more powerful to deal with stubborn and recurring clogged drains in the home.

What is Hydro Jetting?

Hydro jetting is a service used to blast through stubborn clogs and hardened debris in the drains and pipes. It’s different than other drain cleaning methods because it uses a powerful jet of reverse-action water. The water jets can reach anywhere from 7,000 PSI to 60,000 PSI depending on the unique needs of the pipe. Because of the extreme pressure, hydro jetting technicians must inspect the pipes before offering this service to make sure they can handle it.

Why is Hydro Jetting Useful?

Hydro jetting is hands down, the best way to remove hardened grease and debris from the pipes. Since it only uses water to dislodge clogs, it is a very low-risk procedure that many homeowners can benefit from. Some of the most useful features of hydro jetting include

Removing Stubborn Clogs: When traditional drain cleaning methods are no longer sufficient, we turn to hydro jetting to blast through stubborn clogs. The water jet breaks up particles and washes them out of the system.

Preventing Future Clogs: Hydro jetting also smooths out the inner texture of the pipe wall, which will prevent future clogs before they get a chance to form. Debris won’t have a porous texture to cling to and it will be easier to keep the pipes clean. This also helps improve the longevity of your pipes.

Cleaning Sewer Lines: At the moment, there is no other safe way to remove roots and debris from a sewer line. Hydro jetting is the only option for cleaning your sewers.


Is your drain clogged, and are typical blockage removal tactics just not cutting it? You may need hydro jetting to get the job done right. plumbers have the experience necessary to operate hydro jetting machinery. With these powerful jets


Hydro jetting is more than just clog removal – it is a pipe cleaning treatment. plumbers use pressurized water machines to scour the insides of your pipes.

In addition to clearing the drains, hydro jetting removes:





Soap residue

Mineral buildup

Tree root infiltration

Potential water contaminants


The pipes at your business or commercial property go through things that home plumbing systems will never experience. Whether you are dealing with large amounts of food waste, runoff from machinery, or other materials that can solidify in the pipeline, are here for you. Tree roots from the landscaping on the property can also create major issues. can quickly and effectively find the issue and use water sprayed at an extremely high pressure to restore the inside of the pipe


If a toy or a wad of tissue is lodged in your toilet, a plumber’s auger may take care of the problem. Similarly, when a kitchen sink is clogged with potato peels or soggy rice, a drain snake can often remove the blockage.

Hydro Jetting

Drain clogs are a common problem. Fortunately, most of them are minor and relatively easy to fix. With a plunger and a little elbow grease, you should be able to tackle minor clogs. Occasionally, however, clogs that are deeper in the line pose a bigger problem and before long, you’ll be forced to deal with a backed-up sink, toilet, or bathtub. Hydro jetting is one of the most effective drain cleaning solutions.

If you have a problem with clogged sewer pipes, you can count on our hydro jetting services to remove any clogs you have and restore proper flow to your plumbing system.

What Is Hydro Jetting?

Essentially, hydro jetting is an innovative drain cleaning technique that utilizes a high-pressure hose to blast water into the drainpipe and get rid of clogged pipes. The cleaning process usually starts with a video inspection to determine the cause and location of the problem.

When Is Hydro Jetting Necessary?

Typically, most minor clogs can be sorted out with a drain snake. So, in the grand scheme of things, hydro jetting is not usually the first drain cleaning option. However, that’s not to say it’s an ineffective technique. It’s a tried-and-tested technique designed for tough clogs

Some of the signs you need hydro jetting include:

Slow drains

Toilets only partly flush

Sewage backups into shower drains and sinks

Strange odors coming from your drains

These are typical signs that something is keeping your sewage pipes from draining properly. Whether it’s a blockage caused by roots or general soap scum


When it comes to your plumbing, drains are equally as important as the water pipes in your home. Ensuring that they are clean is essential to the flow of water and waste away from your home or property.

Common Drain Situations

The Kitchen. Kitchen drains clog over time. They run slower and slower as greases, soaps, fats and detergents build up on the inner walls of the pipes and eventually cause blockage.

The Bathroom. From showers and tubs clogged with hair and soap buildup to sinks filled with toothpaste and other grime, bathrooms present their own challenge when it comes to drain cleaning. In addition, toilet drains are sometimes overwhelmed with toilet paper and other items.

Utility Room and Garage. Floor drains are common in basements, laundry rooms, and can also be found in garages, patios, driveways and bathrooms. These drains are equipped with a trap that should be kept filled with water to prevent odors and sewer gas from escaping. Dirt and debris can clog floor drains but we can open them quickly to restore good drainage.

Outdoor Drains. Downspout drains help to channel water from roof gutters away from your home. Many downspouts are connected to the city’s storm sewer system via underground pipes which can become clogged with leaves and debris and cause a backup. We provide professional plumbing services that clean downspouts and their connecting pipes to prevent flooding and restore proper drainage around the home. Hydro-jetting is a great option for outdoor drains. In addition, we can assist you with leak repairs if damage has already been done.

Root Clearing

A clog or leak due to a root infiltrating your pipes and sewers can cause a lot of damage. We can find the root with video inspection and then remove it with high speed jetting.


Hydro-jetting service is the most efficient and effective way to clean storm drainage.With the power to cut stubborn roots and the ability to move silt and clay, you will be able to sleep at night knowing that your storm drains are ready for whatever man or mother nature throws its way.

The most common reason to have your drains or sewer line jetted is that a clog has formed in them and no other methods are working to remove that clog. If the clog is too deep to reach with a snake or other mechanical device, drain and sewer jetting is a good alternative to using a traditional chemical compound.


Your plumbing system has two major sides: water lines that bring clean, usable water into your home, and sewage lines that take used wastewater out of your home and move it to the public sewer system. A clog in your main sewer lines can cause all sorts of issues for your home, including causing drains to move slowly or not at all, water pressure to build up in drain lines, and even wastewater pipe leaks that can cause serious health hazards.

Fortunately, there is a quick and reliable solution to clogging problems in your main sewer lines: hydrojetting. This processes uses a specialized nozzle attached to a pressure washer and fed down your main sewer line to decimate any existing clogs. The extremely high-pressure water that spouts from the front end of the nozzle has enough force to obliterate all sorts of clogs, including suborn ones such as intruding tree roots and even small rocks

The destroyed clog is then washed away by several smaller, lower-pressure nozzles along the side of the special nozzle that are designed to clean the walls of your main sewer pipes. As a result, the inside of your sewer lines will be virtually brand new, flow freely, and you won’t have to worry about a clog forming anytime soon.

Why Have Your Sewer Lines Hydrojetted?

In days past, a clogged main sewer line used to be a devastating problem for homeowners. Fixing the issue involved digging up your yard using heavy machinery, removing the clogged pipe, installing and properly sealing a new pipe in its place, and then re-constructing your property to put things back to normal. The work would take days and cost tens of thousands of dollars.

Hydrojetting your sewer line has the following benefits:

Minimal time requirement (most services can be completed in just a few hours)

No disruption to your home or property

Low cost

Eliminate the chance of another clog forming elsewhere in the near future

Restore your plumbing to like-new condition

Understanding Flat Roof Systems And Maintenance

Can I use my flat roof as a terrace?

Having outdoor living space is an important consideration for modern homes. With space often at a premium, especially in urban locations, a roof terrace will allow you to make the most of an otherwise unused area and provide a desirable outdoor space, perfect for entertaining, growing food or just enjoying the fresh air and sunshine.

When creating a roof terrace, there’s a lot to think about to ensure the space is safe, easy to access and meets the requirements of the homeowner. Here are some things to consider:

Roof type and structure

The type of roof will play a defining role in how the roof terrace is constructed.

Pitched roofs

For obvious reasons, a sloped roof is not an ideal candidate for a roof terrace. However, flat spaces can be created either by building up an external wall or cutting into the roof. Getting planning permission for this type of project can often be difficult.

Flat roofs

In most cases, an existing flat roof will be used to create a roof terrace. In concrete or steel frame buildings, the existing flat roof is likely to have enough structural strength for a terrace, because the roof is constructed like the floor structures below. Timber-framed residential constructions are much more likely to require upgrading. This will usually entail placing a steel joist underneath the roof structure.

Whatever type of roof the property currently has, a structural engineer will need to survey the property and drill inspection holes to determine how the roof has been built-up and what upgrades will be required to ensure the roof meets the necessary structural and loading requirements.

Technical performance

It’s important to remember that attributes such as waterproofing, drainage, insulation and fireproofing are all dependent on the entire system, rather than individual components. Any change to the roof’s construction could affect its performance in these key areas.

To ensure the property conforms to the building regulations and other standards, you will need to work closely with a variety of experts and also consult product manufacturers.

Questions to ask when planning a roof garden include:

  • Will the space be used by children?
  • Will pets use the space?
  • How much time will be spent on the roof terrace?
  • How can you maximise the best views?
  • Will you need walk-on roof lights for lighting up the space below?
  • What kind of lighting will be required?
  • What’s the microclimate like?

During the early stages of the planning process, the design team should work with the homeowner or developer to determine what is expected of the finished roof terrace and how it will be used. It’s also important to consult a landscape architect as soon as possible to ensure the roof is technically capable of dealing with the various elements they plan on adding to the space.

No garden? Create a roof terrace with these tips

There’s talk of the current heatwave in the UK continuing until October. And while this will come as welcome news to many people across the country, those without gardens may be feeling as though they are missing out on opportunities to make the most of the good weather.

Other than going to a local park, a nearby beach or around a friend’s house, what alternatives are there if you want to enjoy the sunshine but don’t have a garden at home?

The solution could be creating a roof terrace or roof garden for your home. A flat roof offers the perfect opportunity to build roof terrace without breaking the bank. Whether it’s a flat roof on a house, garage, extension or top floor penthouse. These tips will help you to plan how to create a roof garden or terrace.

1. Is your roof suitable?

Before you start considering design options and creating an image of your finished roof terrace in your head, you need to determine whether your walls and roof can take the weight of one. After all, a roof terrace alone adds additional weight and this is increased significantly once furnishings and fittings have been added and people are walking around on it.

It’s best to a surveyor to take a look for you to advise you on what can and can’t be done and any building regulations etc.

2. Do you need planning permission?

You almost certainly will. That’s because adding a roof terrace will involve some major surgery on your house. Moreover, if your terrace will overlook neighbouring properties, securing planning permission is almost certainly a must. Going ahead without checking the required planning permission requirements and you could end up in a very difficult situation if someone complains, or you want to sell the property. If you live in England, contact your local planning authority (LPA) in the first instance and take it from there.

3. Be a good neighbour

Even if your roof terrace doesn’t require planning permission, it’s still best to be a good neighbour and discuss your plans with the people who live near you. It’s a simple gesture of goodwill that could prevent any complaints in the future. Your new roof terrace may overlook their property and impact their privacy and during the building work, there is likely to be some noise and disruption. The bottom line is being open and honest with your neighbours is likely to stand you in better stead going forward.

4. Consider drainage

We’re sorry to say the gorgeous weather isn’t going to last forever, so you need to seriously consider how rainwater is going to drain from your roof terrace. Even though most appear flat, roof terraces slope very slightly and drain into one corner.

Check to see if you’ve got an existing downpipe that your roof terrace can drain into. If you haven’t, one will need to be added or you’re going to end up with a rooftop swimming pool instead –hmmm, now that’s an idea!

5. Install some windbreaks

Your new roof garden is going to be quite a bit windier than a regular garden. For a start, it’s unlikely to have any buildings providing it with cover. That’s why you’ll almost certainly need to install some latticed windbreaks.

Converting your flat roof into a terrace, balcony or roof garden

Would you like to create more outside space but you’re not sure where and how? Do you have a flat roof? If so, you could soon be enjoying additional outdoor living and entertaining space!

It is far easier than you’d think to convert a flat roof into a terrace or balcony – you just need to have the right materials. For example, what is your existing flat roof made of? If it is constructed of traditional felt, attempting to upgrade it into a terrace or balcony is not recommended. Flat felt roofs have a short life span – many house insurers refuse to cover older felt roofs. Over the years, they are affected by the elements, blistering, cracking and attracting moss and algae. The last thing you want is to construct a beautiful new outside living space, only to find that it needs to be dismantled so that you can access the felt to make repairs.

You will be expecting your flat roof to bear more weight, which means that you must consider the implications of this extra load before building commences. By engaging the expertise of a structural engineer to advise on how your flat roof can support whatever materials you decide to use – patio slabs or decking – you can save yourself a lot of hassle and money further down the line.

What’s the best solution?

It is recommended that you install a uPVC membrane roofing system before you start any conversion. The benefits of this short term initial expense will far outweigh the drawbacks of building on a sub-standard felt roof.

High-Tech Membrane Roofing’s recommended Single-Ply membrane flat roofs provide first class protection against the elements and if you buy through us, you will enjoy a rock solid, no quibble LIFETIME guarantee.

Once you have prepared your conversion with a high quality roofing solution, you will need to protect the membrane by waterproofing it. Usually, this is in the form of plastic or rubber paving support slabs. These slabs have the additional benefit of allowing water to drain away with ease.

Considering a roof garden?

Are you thinking of utilising an unused flat roof into a roof garden? Here are our top tips:

  • Investigate support issues before construction – will you need walkway pads and slabs?
  • Ensure your home remains waterproof by installing a flat roofing membrane
  • Consider drainage points
  • What sort of roof garden do you want? You could choose a green roof, decking or artificial turf

Whatever outside space you choose to create, please be aware that you are legally required to install a permanent handrail with any flat roof terrace, balcony or garden.

Ceiling Fans Are Your Choice Of Practical Items

How To Fix Peeling Paint on Your Bathroom Ceiling or Wall

Bathroom ceiling paint peeling is a common issue with bathroom walls and ceilings. Clients often ask us why paint peels in their bathroom wall and how they can fix it. Not only does it make an otherwise beautiful bathroom look bad, but it serves as a breeding ground for mildew and bacteria. Which is exactly what you want to avoid!

What are the causes for bathroom ceiling paint peeling?

Peeling or bubbles happen when you start painting in high humidity. It can also occur when paint is applied over built up water and soap scum. Usually around the things you use every day like the shower, sink and toilet. Another simple mistake that causes bathroom ceiling paint peeling is just improper cleaning, prep and priming. It can often be that painful extra step for people to paint their ceilings. So, it’s really no wonder that individuals often rush through that step in the painting process.

The key is prevention

Before you even get started on fixing your bathroom ceiling paint peeling, you have to think about prevention. Bathrooms can be such a breeding ground for mold and mildew. It’s not just the fact that they’re usually smaller spaces. But it’s the water and humidity that comes from daily showers and baths.

Second coat, if needed & sand

You might be able to get away with just one coat of the sheetrock. Like we said, if you need two, be sure to let the ceiling area dry for at least six hours. Be sure to put on some protective goggles and a mask prior to sanding.

Repairing Bathroom ceiling paint peeling can take some time but it’s not hard

If your house was built before 1979 (and many of them were), there is a chance that lead-based paint was used. You might want to consult a professional painter if this is the case, just to be safe. If you want to try to fix your bathroom ceiling paint peeling or the walls yourself, follow these steps for a great finish.

Ceiling Decoration Ideas

We’ve all heard it said — the ceiling is the fifth wall of the room. And yet most of us keep them plain, paint them white, and forget about them.  Ceiling decorations are usually the last thing on our minds when remodeling a room, but I really don’t want to overlook my ceilings in my house.  I don’t need them all to have extravagant designs, but they’re a great opportunity to add some interest, color, and customization to a house.  Truth be told, I love my bathroom ceiling so much that I’d do it in every room of my house if I thought it would look good.

Unfortunately, I think it would be too much (although I do wonder if maybe I can repeat it in just one more room…the music room, or perhaps the hallway?), so I’ve been trying to find some other ceiling decoration ideas that I can use in other rooms in my house.  I’ve come across so many amazing ceiling decorations in the process.  A lot of these wouldn’t work in my house, but I thought I’d pass them along to you in case these get your creative juices flowing for your own home.

Since I mentioned my bathroom ceiling, let’s start off with it.  This is hands down my favorite of all the ceiling decorations I’ve ever done.  I thought it might make the room feel dark and cave-like.  It has had the opposite effect, in my opinion.  The ceiling in this room always feels higher than eight feet to me.  I really want to do this in every single room.  I won’t, but I want to.

Tongue & Groove Slat Ceiling

If you don’t want to go to the trouble of cutting strips of plywood like I did, there are ready-to-install tongue-and-groove planks available at any big box home improvement store.  This will end up costing a bit more, but the tongue-and-groove makes it easier and more precise to install.  I generally see these ceilings painted white, but I really love this white pickled finish.

Herringbone Wood Ceiling

I love a herringbone design, and the ceiling is the perfect place for it.  This looks complicated, but a herringbone design is one of those design that is quite easy to install after you get the first row or two on just right.  Those first two or three rows are the trickiest, though.  I think a ceiling like this would look fantastic painted as well so that you see more of a subtle texture of the wood design.



Painting a textured ceiling with paint rollers takes time and can cause the texture to flake off from the surface. Using an airless paint sprayer to paint a textured ceiling saves you time and preserves the appearance while providing a more complete and uniform coverage.

Safety Notice: Whenever operating spray equipment, take proper safety precautions, stay alert, and be mindful of potential hazards. Wear protective gear such as gloves, safety glasses/goggles, spray sock (hood), hat, proper footwear, dust masks and respirators. Make sure there is adequate ventilation. If you’re painting in the vicinity of appliances, turn them off. (See Safety Precautions in your Sprayer Operation Manual.) Always refer to the specific instructions and safety procedures for the spray equipment you are using.


Magnum, or TrueCoat Paint Sprayer (visit Paint Sprayer category page to compare models)


Spray tips – a wider spray pattern for large surfaces and narrow size for smaller surfaces (see tip selector)

Empty buckets for priming sprayer and cleanup (two needed)

Stir sticks

Paint strainer bag – helps prevent tip plugs and provides a better finish

Tarps, drop cloths, or plastic sheeting

Masking tape

Paint brush for touch-ups

Magnum tip extension – for hard-to-reach areas that would otherwise require a ladder

Pressure roller kit (optional)

Additional airless hose sections if needed

Spray shield

Pump Armor storage fluid or TSL fluid (see pump protectant product details)

Cleaning rags

Stiff nylon brushes for cleanup

Safety and protection equipment – safety glasses/goggles, dust mask/respirator, spray sock or hat to cover head


Move as much of the furniture out of the room as possible. Any furniture left in the room should be moved to the center and completely covered. Make sure to have plenty of space for your tools and equipment.

Cover everything you don’t wish to get paint on. Use masking tape to protect any trim, and cover any walls you don’t want painted with plastic tarps or protective paper. Remove or cover light fixtures.

Cover everything you don’t wish to get paint on. Use masking tape to protect any trim, and cover any walls you don’t want painted with plastic tarps or protective paper. Remove or cover light fixtures.


Select the spray tip that’s best suited for the paint you are using and the surface to be sprayed. Be sure the tip’s hole size does not exceed the maximum capacity of your sprayer (see spray tip info).

If you’re using paint from multiple containers, mix it together in an empty 5-gallon container to ensure consistent color even if small color differences exist between individual paint cans. If you are spraying the ceiling only, use paper, plastic tarps, or a spray shield to protect the walls. If you choose to use a spray shield, position it tightly at a 45-degree angle into the corner where the wall meets the ceiling surface.

Begin at an edge where the ceiling and wall meet. Spray along that edge from one side of the room to the other. When your first pass is complete, continue to spray repeated passes until the ceiling is covered, overlapping each pass by 50%.

Your Guide to Painting Walls and Ceilings

Painting can be a tricky job, even when you’re a dab hand at DIY. And when it comes to ceilings, it can get even tougher. We’ve put together a handy guide to help make your paint job much easier. It’s all about getting the right tools for the job and using the right techniques.

Make sure you choose the right paint

The best paint for internal walls and ceilings is emulsion. There are two main types of emulsion you can choose from – each one gives you a slightly different finish:


This has a shiny finish and is the hardest wearing of all the emulsion paints. It’s ideal for rooms that have a lot of moisture and condensation. Some manufacturers also make special kitchen and bathroom paints which are designed for rooms which get steamed up.


Matt paint gives a non-shiny, matt finish that doesn’t show up any imperfections on the wall. This is because shinier finishes reflect back more light and highlight any bumps or dents on the wall. On the down-side, vinyl matt emulsion might not wear as well as the more glossy emulsions.

Paint brushes

Paint brushes are usually made from bristle or synthetic fibres which are set into resin or vulcanised rubber. The bristle, hair or fibres should be flexible, thick and smooth to the touch.

4-6 inch wall brush – a wide brush for painting large, flat surfaces like walls and ceilings.

2 inch wall brush – an ideal size for painting smaller flat surfaces like tricky bits of wall and woodwork including doors and skirting boards.

1 inch brush – a smaller brush for doing close to the edges of walls and ceilings, as well as mouldings and doorframes.

1/2 inch brush – a narrow brush for tight areas and fine detail on window frames.

Cutting-in – a small brush with angled bristles for painting near to edges and into tight corners. Also good for painting window frames.


Rollers are really quick and easy to use, applying paint three times faster than a brush. They come in a whole range of widths and weights. Rollers sleeves too offer a choice of fabrics, depending on the paint and surface you’re painting. The manufacturer’s packaging will help you pick the right sleeve for your painting job.


Ah, the ceiling. So modest. So functional. It provides a much-needed barrier against the elements above, aids in acoustics, and keeps necessary elements like lighting held securely in place. Gone are the days of the ceiling being a neglected part of the design space.

While ceilings in churches, castles, and homes of the rich and famous have traditionally been treated with all due respect over the years, interior designers can now give new life to the humble ceiling no matter the venue. When working on interior designs, Fanuka suggests, “Look up at your ceiling…. Add a pop of color or hang wallpaper.” From plants to patterns to fabric and fibers, here are dozens of beautiful and unique fifth walls.

High Gloss

One of the recent trends for ceilings is an ultra-glossy, reflective finish that shines. A glossy surface tricks the eye so the room feels larger, especially with lighter colors and furniture in place. However, the surface needs to be polished smooth so no bumps show if using paint.

If a smooth surface isn’t possible, a stretch ceiling might be the perfect option. Stretch ceilings cover up the existing ceiling and are available in hundreds of colors and several finishes, including high gloss. The smooth and shiny fifth wall can also add a glamorous feel to a space. High-gloss paint can also be applied to materials like wood for a neat combination of planking and glam.


Adding a few live plants for decoration in a room can immediately make a space feel bright and fresh. Now imagine that times 10, 100, 1000! Suspending plants from the ceiling is one way to scatter in a few more botanicals.

Enhanced Aesthetics With Industrial Epoxy Flooring Coat

Chips and Cracking: How to Repair Your Epoxy Floors

Your epoxy floor is one of your favorite surfaces in your home. It is strong, is easy to clean and maintain, and everyone always comments on how great it looks. This is why it’s essential for you to know how to handle any chipping or cracking that may occur. Take these steps for epoxy floor repair to ensure that your floor keeps looking as good as the day you first had it installed.

If the chipping or cracking is minor, you can get away with simply applying a compound to the floor to fill in the gaps. Using a fresh mortar, trowel in the material until it fills the crack or chip and overflows out of the top. Then use the trowel to smooth the surface and remove any excess mortar. This will patch your floor and keep any damage from getting worse over time. Let these repairs cure for no less than 60 days before applying a new coat of epoxy.

In many cases, your cracked epoxy floors may be better off being resurfaced instead of just patched. This is ideal if the damage is extensive and seen across much of the entire surface. To prepare the area for epoxy floor repair, thoroughly sweep the area and use a grease-cutting detergent to remove any oil that may be on the surface. After this, you can use patch any chips and holes in the floor with a faster acting epoxy patching compound. This cures in a few days, so you can apply a new coat of epoxy sooner.

Once your Epoxy patch has cured properly according to instructions, clean the floor again to remove any dirt and oil, then buff the floor with an 80-grit sanding screen. Vacuum and wipe the floor to remove any dust and apply the epoxy paint. This must cure for 12 to 24 hours, then you can apply a clear epoxy finish.

What is Epoxy Floor Coating?

Epoxy is a two-part, thermosetting product composed of epoxide resin and a polyamine hardener. The resin gives an epoxy finish its depth and color character. The hardener component acts as a catalyst, giving it strength. When carefully mixed at precisely the right ratio, a chemical reaction occurs.

Epoxy doesn’t dry like paint. It cures. The curing process creates polymer structures that closely cross-link during an exothermic process to give an epoxy floor finish superior durability and strength. The final product is unique. Epoxy is like no other as long as it’s properly prepared and applied.

Epoxy chemical knowledge and excellent commercial products have been around for years. Since the internet and the explosion of renovation shows, however, epoxy finish problems have become more common. True epoxy finishes are two-part procedures, except in certain cases in which a third aggregate component provides additional grit for improved traction.

“Epoxy paint” is a marketing term that manufacturers and suppliers invented to satisfy a high demand for DIY and home epoxy floor treatments. These one-part paints do contain some epoxy resin but don’t have anywhere near the amount of solid content that commercial two-part epoxy products have. Solids give epoxy finishes their thickness.

Here are the most common epoxy floor problems and the diagnosis of their causes:

Bubble in Epoxy Floor Coating

Bubble formations are by far the most common problem with epoxy floors. Usually, bubbles in epoxy flooring are only pinhead-sized and appear in clusters called honeycombs. Mistakes mixing the correct ratio of resin to hardener can lead to air entrapment or entrainment, which causes epoxy floor bubbles.

Excessive mixing such as using a power drill and a spiral paddle at high speeds also produces bubbles. You can easily avoid this by using a wide mixing blade set at a low 300-500 rpm rate and slowly circling the mix in a large container. Once air-entrained bubbles are set in an epoxy mix, they’re next to impossible to remove. You’ll have to discard the mix because if you use it on the floor, bubbles will appear.

Another source of epoxy bubbles is temperature differences. The substrate, like a concrete surface, needs to be at a temperature that’s compatible with the epoxy mix. The same goes for resin and hardener temperatures. Excessive temperature variation leads to trapped air that tries to equalize. This results in very visible bubbling and rejected work.

Blisters and Craters in Epoxy Floors

Blisters and craters are the second most common epoxy trouble. Blisters are large bubbles that contain trapped air. Craters are the opposite. They occur when bubbles pop and leave an indentation in the epoxy surface. Improperly prepared concrete that’s porous and contains air can lead to outgassing from the subsurface, which, in turn, causes large blisters and craters.

Air trapped in concrete voids reacts when the freshly covered epoxy begins its curing or exothermal action. The chemical reaction creates heat. This releases moisture in an air pocket making it expand. This forces air to the surface where it forms either a blister or a popped crater.

Film and Dullness in Epoxy Floors

Film and flow appearance Film and flow appearance stand right out in a bad epoxy floor job. The finish appearance is dull and uneven. This happens when the epoxy coat is applied too cold or too hot. It also occurs when excessive airflow blows over a curing surface.

Preventing film problems is easy. Epoxy is highly temperature sensitive, so you can apply it when both the mix and the subsurface are between 60°F and 85°F. Temperatures above and below those are sure to cause a dull film to appear on the outer surface.

Flow is another easy problem to prevent. Flow problems appear as wavy irregularities on the epoxy surface and are very noticeable under certain light conditions. The usual culprit is a ventilation fan set in place to control hardener fumes or a large opening allowing wind to blow across the curing surface.

Peeling in Epoxy Floors

Poor adhesion and peeling can have many causes. This fatal flaw is always due to an inexperienced or careless applicator. Peeling and poor adhesion come from:

  • Poor subsurface preparation
  • Contaminated materials like grease, oil and solvent not being removed
  • Incorrect mixing ratio of resin and hardener
  • Improper mixing techniques
  • Wide temperature variations
  • Moisture trapped in the subsurface

Questions To Ask Your Custom Home Builder

What To Look For When Buying Land To Build A House

Have you always dreamed of escaping your unruly neighbors, the restrictions of your homeowners association or the hubbub of city life? If so, building your dream home on your own plot of land could be the best option for you.

Finding Land For Sale

While designing your own oasis may be a dream come true, finding land for sale isn’t as easy as just wandering through a neighborhood looking at for-sale signs. Of course, you can keep an eye on land listings via aggregate

Community members with a pulse on the local market or an agent who specializes in land will know more about potential upcoming zoning changes and similar happenings that can create opportunities.

But they might find that selling it is harder than they thought. Then the listing expires several times, they and the agent give up, and they ultimately let it sit until someone approaches them about selling.

Questions To Ask When Buying Land To Build A House

Just finding a plot of land in a desirable area isn’t enough. You’ll want to do plenty of research to ensure the land will allow you to build what you want in a cost-effective manner.

New Construction Home Buying Tips: How To Buy a New House

Last week we wrote an article on how to buy a house for first time home buyers. The feedback we received was incredibly gratifying, overwhelming and unexpected! We received a question from one of our readers, Jerry, regarding how buying an existing home compares to buying a new construction home, asking for both the similarities and differences.

With that being said, if this article reads with familiarity, that’s because there are similarities between buying an existing home and buying new construction. If you haven’t read the most recent guide to buying a home article yet, stop and read that first. It’s filled with great information from some of the best Realtors

By the end of this article you will learn:

How to buy a new construction home

Questions to ask your builder

Things to know when buying a new construction home

Do I need a Real Estate Agent to buy a new home?

How to make an offer on a new construction home

New construction home buying process

How to identify a good builder for new construction

What to look for in New Construction and New Community future plans

If you’re buying new construction and want to learn more about the process, this guide will offer 11 tips to start you off. We will also be linking to some incredible content on the web. With so many articles out there it’s important to read what’s going to help and avoid reading what isn’t. 

Educate Yourself on the New Home Buying Process

You’ll probably notice from our infographic that the first steps are the same in the new construction home buying process. Like so many things, it pays large dividends to begin with an education. This guide is to help educate consumers on how to buy new construction homes from builders. Not having a strategy, the right team, and the right education could cost you tens of thousands of dollars in the purchase process.


Building new homes

You may not have to charge on labour or building materials for work you do on a new house or flat.

What counts as new

For work to be zero-rated, it must qualify as a genuinely new, self-contained house or flat. This means:

it’s self-contained – there are not any internal doors or connections to other houses or flats

it can be used independently of any other property, including businesses

it can be sold on its own

it has proper planning permission

any existing buildings on the site have been demolished completely to ground level (unless you’re extending an existing building to create a new house or flat)

Timing, labour and materials

Work that’s zero-rated for must take place during the construction project, or be closely related to it (eg demolishing existing buildings and preparing the site). This is known as work done ‘in the course of construction’.

You cannot zero-rate work you do after a building’s finished, apart from correcting defects in the original work (‘snagging’).

All labour on a qualifying building can be zero-rated, but there are special rules on what counts as building materials for purposes.

Buying New Home Construction: Tips for Getting it Right

Buying new home construction — is it making a fresh start or a journey into the unknown? It’s actually both, but with some effort and planning you can limit the unknowns. You want the benefit of a brand-new home you can customize to your specifications.

Check the home builder’s reputation

If you purchase a home that’s new or still under construction, you’d better consider the builder’s reputation. Check out past projects. Visit those neighborhoods to see how the properties have held up. It’s great if you can find older developments to look at. If possible, chat with homeowners to find out what their experience with the builder was like and how the home has held up.

Remember who the agent represents

Most real estate agents get their commissions from the seller. And in any case their incentive is to close the deal. They might find you the right property and give you some sound advice. But rely on yourself when you choose a property and negotiate with the builder.

Don’t take the home builder’s list price at face value

Just because you’re dealing with a property developer and not a homeowner doesn’t mean the price isn’t negotiable. If the builder has multiple properties on the market, find out how many are unsold and how long they’ve been on the market. The more properties home builders have on their hands, the more apt they are to make price concessions.

Look beyond the builder’s recommended lender

The builder may offer to arrange financing for you. That might prove helpful, but do some comparison shopping of your own. The builder might have a financial incentive to steer you to a particular lender, so don’t assume that’s the best deal. Listen to what the builder’s lender has to offer, and then do your own research to see if you can find better mortgage terms.

Stages of the building process

Every building project is different, but you still need to tick off essential stages to make it a success. Understand the stages of a building project so you know what you need to do and build it right.

Your building project might be quick and simple or complex. It might be an alteration, a renovation or a completely new build. It could be a seaside holiday house or a multi-unit central city apartment building.

Planning a successful build

Get your ideas together, separating out what you must achieve and would like to achieve, so that you can think about priorities, budget and timing. You can get some idea of cost from designers or builders, so that you know whether it’s a realistic project.

The location of your land, and the position of your building site on it, can have a big impact on your project. You need to think about the finished building and how it needs to sit in relation to:



water, electricity and other services

boundaries (a registered surveyor can remove uncertainty)

neighbours (preserve your privacy and theirs)

access onto and around the site (for example, paths, driveways and door placement)

any hills or slopes (and how they might affect your finished height and width)

existing features that you want to retain (for example, trees or outbuildings).

If you’re planning a rural build, there might be other things to think about. For example, do you need a septic tank? Will you have to store your own emergency water supply for putting out fires? You might be surprised to know that some renovation projects can be more complicated than a new build. Talk to your council to get a better understanding of your land, how your ideas will fit and whether you’ll need a building consent, resource consent or any other permits.

Do You Really Need A Packers And Office Movers Service


When you’re moving offices, it may seem like you have plenty of hands on deck with your employees, but it’s also wise to hire professionals to get the job done. Office moving has more components to consider than residential moving, because you have to keep your business running at the same time. Here are some of the benefits of hiring professional office movers when your business is relocating.

You have access to all of the supplies you need.

When you try to move your office without hiring movers, there is a good chance you’ll be trying to pack things up in discarded boxes that aren’t strong enough to protect your belongings, and you’ll have to take carload after carload to your new location. That process is not only inefficient, but it can also leave your items vulnerable to damage. Professional movers have everything you need to get the job done quickly and the right packing materials to ensure your items are protected. They will get your office belongings to your new location in one trip with a moving truck, so your transition time to your new location is faster.

You will avoid liability issues that come from having employees move.

Chances are that your business insurance does not cover having employees do things that are not typical of their positions, such as acting as movers. If they become injured in the process, you could be facing significant out of pocket expenses and even a lawsuit. You also cannot hold employees responsible for any equipment they damage during the move, and your insurance may not cover the costs because unqualified individuals were moving it. Professional movers are bonded and insured, so you don’t have to worry about liability issues.

You can focus on your business.

Your business doesn’t grind to halt just because you’re moving to a new location. Let a professional moving company take care of the relocation while you continue to focus on running your business

Office Moving Tips

It should be the responsibility of each department or section head to have the staff follow these instructions in order to minimize loss of time in preparing for the move. Each employee should be responsible for his or her own preliminary packing for the move. To assist in this task, detailed instructions for packing and marking follow. Unless otherwise specified, packing and unpacking will be performed by your personnel.

Packing Instructions

One-piece recyclable polystyrene Rental Crates/or one-piece self-locking cardboard moving cartons will be available for packing. Be sure to receive training on the proper methods for packing and stacking Rental Crates or for assembling the cardboard moving cartons.

Detailed Instructions:

DESKS – It is necessary to empty desks. Paper clips, pencils and other loose items should be sealed in envelopes. Current working papers, letter trays, books and items on top of the desk should be packed in a carton. Protect all glass receptacles with paper or other material in the carton.

​FILING CABINETS/UPRIGHT – These cabinets will generally be moved with contents intact. Tighten the internal draw to hold contents in place. Lock the cabinet if possible. If not possible, secure each drawer with filament tape. If locked, remove the key and pack in a safe place. Note: If the file has a punch-in lock and you do not have the key, wrap tape around the lock to avoid accidental locking.

​FILING CABINETS/LATERAL – These cabinets cannot be moved with the contents intact. Pack all of the contents in cartons, and secure the drawers by locking or with tape as above.

​BOOKCASES – All contents should be packed in cartons. After packing, remove the shelves and tape together. Remove the shelf pins and pack in an envelope.

​SUPPLY OR STORAGE CABINETS – All contents should be packed in cartons. Lock/tape the cabinet doors.

​COAT RACKS OR LOCKERS – Pack all contents, including hangers.

​SMALLER OFFICE MACHINES, (scanners, printers, etc.) DO NOT PACK THESE MACHINES. Leave the machine on top of the desk or stand. Be sure the equipment has been serviced and all components disconnected. Small items, such as power cords should be packed in zip lock bags or cartons.

​PICTURES, MAPS AND BULLETIN BOARDS – These items, if secured to the wall, should be removed. Tag each piece and leave against the wall. The mover will handle. Small pictures, etc., should be consolidated so as to fill a carton. Newspaper should be stuffed in empty spaces between the pictures.

​SPECIAL EQUIPMENT – Certain types of equipment such as copiers or computer equipment require special servicing by the company trained personnel. These arrangements should be made directly with the vendor of each particular machine prior to the move date. Personal Computers should be backed-up and separate components should be disconnected prior to moving, by our IT Service Representatives. Remove loose wires and pack in box.

If special services requiring electricians, plumbers or machinists are needed to disconnect equipment, please notify your supervisor so that proper arrangements may be made. Internal servicing may be required and if not followed may void service warranties.

Moving cannot be held accountable for resultant damage if the above criteria are not met.

​LIVING OR ARTIFICIAL PLANTS – Moving can move but will not be responsible if the plant is damaged. Employees should arrange to handle these items.

​SECURITY FILES – All cabinets should be locked prior to and during the move. If security regulations require escorts, arrangements should be made with the Moving Project Manager.

​PERSONAL ITEMS – will not be responsible for the transportation of these items. Employees should arrange to move their own.

Office Moving Tips to Prevent a Technology Nightmare

you’re starting to look for a new office space. Or, maybe you’ve already signed a lease. Congratulations! Office moving, expansion, or business relocation can be very exciting. But, it can also be your worst nightmare. That is, if you haven’t properly planned for also moving your technology assets.

Advance planning is a MUST.

Don’t think that office moving is as simple as packing up your belongings and carting them to a new location. It is much more involved than that. Ideally, planning should begin as soon as you get the idea that relocation is on the agenda.

Get your IT provider or department involved at the beginning.

This is ESSENTIAL. Whether you have an in-house IT department, or hire a managed service provider, technology relocation is not a simple process. Many moving companies do not want to be responsible for handling or setting up computers, servers, and other expensive or delicate pieces of technology. Instead, let technology experts do the job. But, they need to know far enough in advance to plan properly.

Evaluate the new site for necessary upgrades.

If another company’s office is moving out of your new space, don’t assume that means it’s all set as far as technology is concerned. The existing hardware and plugs may not be up to date or even what your technology needs. Unfortunately, tenants vacating the property may also be spiteful or careless, ripping things out as they go. Additionally, landlords almost always demo plugs and network connections as they make a suite ready for new tenants.

Update your address.

Of course, you’ll remember to let your clients know about your new location. But, what about your IT service providers, such as your internet company? This is one of the most common mistakes we see in our business. And, it can be one of the most time consuming ones to fix. Many business owners don’t realize that it can sometimes take 60-90 days for your internet provider to update the service address. That’s a long time if you want to keep your business productive and functioning efficiently.

Welcome to the Help Moving Office Resource Centre

Set a Budget & Manage your Moving Costs with this FREE Moving Office Budget Template

The ability to identify, control and manage your moving office budget is a critical part of organising an office move. This free guide is an interactive template that lays out all the possible office move costs for you in a logical way so you can update the expenditure as your office move progresses.

setting a budget is one of those tasks we are loathed to do. But as painstaking as the task may seem, it is really important to map out your relocation expenses so you can see just where your money is going. Our Moving Office Budget Template will make the task of setting a moving office budget simple and straightforward, and help you build a budget that actually works.

The ability to control and manage your moving office costs is a crucial part of organising a successful office move. Using the Moving Office Budget Template will help you to:

Find out how much your office move is going to cost you

Set a realistic budget for your relocation – and stick to it!

Ensure your office move is executed on time & within budget

Control & Manage your office move costs easily

Keep your Office Relocation Team to task and on target

Produce an up-to-date cashflow forecast for your office move

Compare & Analyse quotes and estimates for the move

Setting a Moving Office Budget is not about being good with figures (and let’s face it, most of us aren’t!). It’s about being organised, and keeping on top of your moving costs so you don’t spend more money on your office move than you really need to.

How much is our office move going to cost?

Of course, the first step is to find out what expenses you’re company is likely to incur during an office move. The Moving Office Budget Template identifies all those costs for you in a simple, easy-to-follow format. So all you need to do is get estimates for each cost item and you’ll soon get an idea about how much your office move is going to cost you.

Use Your Office Move to Declutter Your Workspace

Preparing for an office move is a large project and should include an office move checklist. A major task on the list is packing. If you look around your office right now, odds are good that many of the items taking up space are not necessary for your daily work. This is a great opportunity to declutter so that you can start packing those less essential items. The less you need to move, the easier the move will be.

Start with your desk. Throw away or recycle any papers or files that you no longer need. Toss out old notes stored in your drawers, broken office supplies, share items collected at past conferences with colleagues and donate unopened holiday gifts. Don’t get caught up in thinking too deeply about this process. Instead, set a timer for 15 minutes and quickly sort through each drawer, throwing things away, adding items to a donation pile, or leave only those items that should be kept in the drawers. Once you have finished sorting, then you can safely pack items appropriately.

Focus on your supply closets. As you review the contents of your office supply closet, make note of those frequently used supplies like reams of paper and extra file folders as they will definitely need a spot in your new office. Closets are easily cluttered so this is the time to be ruthless as you’ll only want to move items that are actually needed. This is the time to get rid of ink cartridges for a printer you no longer have or outdated brochures that are no longer relevant. If you are struggling, set a timer as you did for your desk, and make piles to discard, donate, or recycle.

Target office storage spaces. You may have a storage room in your office and it is probably where all of the items that you didn’t know what to do with ended up. Many of these items won’t be needed in your new office space! Donate obsolete computer equipment, old printers and copy machines that have long since been replaced. Be critical of any office furniture that has been stored here as well. If there is not a specific space for it in your new location, donate it now so you don’t bring the clutter with you.

Organize your files. Before you just toss all of your files into a box, be critical about what needs to be moved and what can be archived, shredded and recycled. If you haven’t been keeping up with yearly filing cycles, this is a good time to get the process back on track. Go ahead and take some time to review your files – there’s no point in taking a box of files that are ready to be shredded!

Liability In Party Bus Accidents

Are Party Buses worth it?

When it comes to transporting a large group of people to a classy event, many people opt for a limo bus service or party bus. Finding a party bus that fits your needs isn’t always easy, but it’s definitely worth it. Party buses are an affordable and unique option for group transportation rentals for bachelor or bachelorette parties. That being said, there are many misconceptions about party buses. Here are some common myths you may have heard about party buses.


This myth probably stems from the fact that most party buses have a very classy look. But the fact is, party bus rentals are very affordable if the cost is split between multiple people. Keep in mind that prices are mostly dependent on the specific package you choose and the number of passengers you have.


This may be true for less-than-reputable limo companies, but any trustworthy limo service understands the importance of keeping their vehicles clean. Even if your party bus gets rented the night before by a crazy group of guys attending a bachelor party, you can rest assured that your vehicle will be spotless when it comes to pick you up.


This myth may be ridiculous, but it’s more common than you might think. Most professional party bus rental services have a strict protocol when it comes to procedures like canceling, rescheduling, and general reservation policies. Make sure to read all the fine print before committing to a party bus rental.


While there are party bus rental companies that don’t conduct their business properly, most services prioritize the customer experience and make sure that you get where you need to go by the time you need to be there. Keep in mind that other services may also take advantage of your money by not honoring the contract or by changing details at the last minute. But with a professional party bus rental service, you’ll get nothing but the absolute best service.

Don’t Rent A Party Bus Without Reading This First

What, exactly, should you be aware of before renting your first party bus?

The Four Most Important Things To Keep in Mind Before Renting a Party Bus


This is pretty straightforward, and gross, but it’s worth saying: it is very rude to puke inside a party bus. While it’s perfectly acceptable to responsibly drink alcohol aboard a party bus, going overboard or binge drinking can be a bad idea. Keep an eye on your fellow passengers, and remind everyone to pace themselves.

For an in-depth blog post on party bus etiquette, click here.


Ideally, you want a few extra seats open inside your limo bus service; however, dozens of empty spaces will make for an awkward party bus experience. That means you need to double check beforehand to make sure you aren’t renting a 50 passenger party bus when you need a 20 person party bus instead.


The special event limo service is experienced in planning transport for everything from weddings and wine tours to airport shuttles and corporate transportation. That means we know how to solve logistical problems and ensure there’s always a place for the bus to park. Work with your limo service to ensure there will be ample parking available for the bus itself at your destination, and also to work out any other logistical hurdles ahead of time.


We take pride in our fleet of limousines and Fresno party buses, but not every limo service can say the same. You don’t want to drop hundreds on party bus rentals only to discover that you’ve really paid for a barely renovated school bus. Make sure you read about the vehicle’s specific amenities before you sign on the dotted line.

Here are the top 4 things to remember when researching a company and choosing a bus to rent for your prom.

  • See the bus is person – Its always best to go view the actual bus at the company location prior to putting down a deposit and make sure the vehicle you want is described on the rental agreement by license plate or vehicle ID.
  • Place a deposit and sign a contract. Placing a deposit is an important step to securing your vehicle as it ensures that no other group can reserve that vehicle on your prom night. Make sure you receive a contract and return it to the company with signature. With a contract in place both you and the company have agreed to terms and are mutually responsible. Without a deposit or contract you are at risk of having the bus not show up which nobody wants to happen on prom night.
  • Collect all the money from the passengers well in advance. All too often we have seen groups fail to collect the money in advance and when the vehicle arrives the primary contract holder is running around trying to collect from everyone. This creates added un-needed stress and often results in “coming up short” forcing the contract holder to pay the difference due.
  • Cheaper does not mean better. Transportation is expensive business when done safely and correctly. Don’t be tempted to save a few dollars by going with a cheap company because chances are your will receive a cheap service and a cheap vehicle. Safety is not something worth risking and its important to research the company thoroughly before booking. How long have they been in business? How many vehicles are in the fleet? What is the age of the vehicle? Have you checked their yelp reviews and CHP rating? These are just a few questions to ask when selecting a vehicle for prom.

What you can find inside a party bus

Of course, not all party buses are the same, but you can expect to have a unique experience that provides plenty of fun.

For example, many party bus companies fit their vehicles out so that they offer a large TV, for entertainment during a journey. This doesn’t have to mean movies and TV shows, because it can also be used for video games.

The entertainment system on a bus can be relied upon to be pretty special. With music being a big part of a party, you can expect surround sound and the usual phone/MP3 sockets so you can arrange your own playlist.

Moving on from basic features like entertainment systems, a party bus can also replicate the feel of a club too. It is not unknown for a party bus to have a mini dry ice or fog machine, which of course really makes the occasion memorable. Alongside this, some of them even feature a hard surface dance floor, so a real club experience can be enjoyed.

How big are they?

There are a number of different bus models available on the market. So you have a wide range of choices here. However, the biggest can, believe it or not, easily accommodate over 30 people. These are becoming popular all over the world, including the USA, with the famous range of choice available with party bus rental, for example. While these are quite rare, they are available, so if you need that kind of capacity it is there for you.

It is quite common to find small party buses that are still able to accommodate 10 people, so there is plenty of scope, whatever the event you are hiring for.

Essentially, a party bus is as big as you need it to be.

Convenience, too

There is no issue if you have an event that will include alcohol. For starters, there is no need for a designated driver. The bus carries all of the party, and everyone can relax and unwind with a drink. Another great feature that many people find attractive is the group aspect. People appreciate the fact that a group can be kept together and be transported from venue to venue. This has a huge impact upon safety and allows for more fun and less stress, especially on a night out.

Whichever way you look at it, a party bus is a great way to have a good time, in safety, and with pretty much all of your friends.

What Does A DUI Lawyer Cost

How do I choose a DUI lawyer?

Choosing the right DUI attorney for your case is not only a difficult task, but an intensely personal one as well. It is the first step in trying to minimize the impact that a mistake like a DUI can have on your present and future. But there are some helpful tips in order to maximize your chances of finding the right DUI attorney for your case.

1. Do they handle DUIs?

This may seem very basic, but it’s of critical importance to make sure that not only does your lawyer “handle DUIs” — but handles a lot of them — often — and skillfully. The rule of thumb I suggest is this: if your lawyer doesn’t devote at least 50 percent or more (preferably 80 percent) of his or her practice to DUI defense — keep shopping. If DUI is his or her forte, he or she is more likely to be up to date on the law, be willing, ready, and able to fight tooth and nail if need be, and are very likely familiar with any nuances of the area your case happened in. Which brings me to…

2. Do they work in your area?

Almost as important as knowing DUI practice is knowing the ins and outs of the particular jurisdiction your case is in. A Tacoma lawyer, for instance, might not be the best choice for an Everett DUI. Knowing the court staff and the prosecutors will help make your experience smoother and more seamless, as your attorney will know how to navigate the system and negotiate your case earlier, and hopefully, more successfully.

3. Are they current on DUI Law?

DUI Law is the most complex area of law in the realm of criminal defense. There are more moving parts to a DUI than almost any other type of case, and in some instances, the law of DUI (or the administrative system with Department of Licensing) is changing nearly daily. Is the lawyer you’re considering a member of any DUI organizations? National College for DUI Defense? Washington Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers? Is he or she writing articles or giving lectures to other lawyers? Making sure that your lawyer is on the cutting edge of the law will help him or her and you get those nuanced arguments in front of a judge, and hopefully get great results.

4. Is it the right fit for you?

Pricing isn’t a factor here. Expensive or inexpensive — unless you believe your attorney is fighting for you — and listening to you — you won’t be satisfied. You need to know you’re being heard and communicated with the way you deserve. Take advantage of free consultations. Ask friends and family for referrals — but go meet with the lawyer and his or her staff. Will they return your calls? Will they allow email communication? Is there an after hours option in emergency situations? Unless you truly feel that the lawyer cares about you and your case, steer clear. Only with caring, compassion and heart, will you feel your lawyers are truly doing their best to represent you on your DUI.

When it comes to choosing the best lawyer to defend your DUI charge these are some credentials to look for and consider.

1) National College of DUI Defense:College Members represent the most experienced DUI Defense attorneys in the county. The National College of DUI Defense is an invite only non-profit organization aimed at improving the criminal defense bar and to educating the public about DUI defense law as a specialty area of law practice.

2) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Certification:DUI defense lawyers that have participated in this training are certified to administer and interpret the standard filed sobriety tests to NHTSA standards. Less than 1% of practicing attorneys have received this specialized training. The NHTSA program is the exact same program that law enforcement officers take. The certification takes 21 classroom hours to obtain and encompasses in depth training on the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (HGN) Test, Walk and Turn Test and the One Leg Stand Test.

3) Science of Breath Testing Course Certificate:DUI defense attorneys that have participated in this course have spent time working with the equipment law enforcement uses to administer breath tests on drivers suspected of DUI. If your lawyer has participated in this training then they have an advanced knowledge of how breath test machines work, what faults the machines have, what maintenance the machines require and what protocols an officer must follow to correctly administer the test.

4) American Association of Premier DUI Attorneys:Members of the American Association of Premier DUI Attorneys have received advanced level training on the strategies that win the most DUI cases at trial and are also used to get DUI cases successfully resolved for the defense prior to trial. Members of the American Association of Premier DUI Attorneys also have access to the resources and tools that are used to win and successfully resolve DUI cases. The resources and tools AAPDA members have, only a very small percentage of DUI attorneys have access to and use including law enforcement manuals, testing protocols and validation studies.

5) National Trial Lawyers Association Top 100 Trial Lawyers:The top 100 is an invitation-only organization composed of the premier trial lawyers from each state or region who meet stringent qualifications as criminal defense trial lawyers. Selection is based on a thorough multi-phase objective and uniformly applied process which includes peer nominations combined with third-party research. Membership is extended only to the select few of the most qualified attorneys from each state or region who demonstrate superior qualifications of leadership, reputation, influence, stature and public profile measured by objective and uniformly applied standards.

6) Superlawyers Designation:Super Lawyers selects attorneys using a patented multiphase selection process. Peer nominations and evaluations are combined with independent research. Each candidate is evaluated on 12 indicators of peer recognition and professional achievement. Selections are made on an annual, state-by-state basis. The objective is to create a credible, comprehensive and diverse listing of outstanding attorneys that can be used as a resource for attorneys and consumers searching for legal counsel. Since Super Lawyers is intended to be used as an aid in selecting a lawyer, we limit the lawyer ratings to those who can be hired and retained by the public.

Why You Need a DUI Lawyer

A DUI arrest is a serious matter. If you’ve been arrested for driving under the influence, there’s a good chance you’ll face jail time, have your license suspended, and/or pay hefty fines – not to mention the potential hardships you may encounter at work, with your future career prospects, and personal relationships. In addition, if someone died as a result of your drunk driving, you will potentially have to deal with severe psychological issues as well. While some legal matters may be handled alone, a DUI arrest warrants the legal advice of a qualified DUI attorney or someone who knows how to handle the intricacies of your DUI case. And not just any criminal defense attorney will do. Because DUI laws are highly centralized and specific, DUI cases are best handled by experienced DUI attorneys or someone with specialized knowledge in this area, including knowledge of traffic laws, motor vehicle laws, and ignition interlock devices, for example.

Moreover, a good DUI attorney may challenge certain aspects of your DUI charge based on his or her specialized knowledge of breathalyzers, blood test, and chemical testing procedures. Therefore, you need a good DUI lawyer who can help guide you through the often confusing word of DUI.

Is The Lawyer A Fighter

It is also important to know whether the DUI Lawyer you are considering has the background, experience and reputation to properly handle your case.   The reality is that most DUI cases are resolved without a trial.  This can involve a plea bargain with the District Attorney or a plea to the Judge with an indicated sentence.  A favorable plea bargain can result in beneficial resolution of your case including dismissal of or reduction of charges and favorable terms of probation.  A skilled DUI Lawyer  who has a reputation of excellence is more likely to obtain a favorable result than an attorney who has never tried a jury trial or litigated a motion before the court.  If your case cannot be resolved with a favorable plea bargain then you need a Law Firm that’s not afraid to answer ready for trial and that will be prepared to provide you with the best possible defense.  A great DUI trial lawyer must understand the forensics of alcohol and the devices which were used to test your alcohol level.  They must understand how to challenge police field sobriety tests.  An experienced DUI trial lawyer must also understand the laws of human nature and be able to relate the important themes of your case to a jury who will listen.

What to Look for in a DUI Lawyer

Qualified DUI lawyers handle a variety of cases involving DUI arrests, DWI, and other drunk driving-related offenses. When looking for a DUI lawyer, you should concentrate on the lawyer’s expertise, skill level, commitment, and location or area served. For example, an experienced DUI attorney may help:

  • reduce or eliminate jail time;
  • eliminate a revoked license;
  • reduce your DUI charge to a lesser offense, and/or
  • avoid trial with a plea bargain.

Also, it’s important that the attorney you hire has the necessary skill level and is the one who actually conducts most of the work on your case.

Posted inLegal

Facts You Should Know About Electrical Maintenance

Work using electrically powered equipment

You should make sure that electrical equipment used for work is safe. Here are a list of actions that should be taken to ensure this is so:

Perform a risk assessment to identify the hazards, the risks arising from those hazards, and the control measures you should use.

Check that the electrical equipment is suitable for the work and way in which it is going to be used.

Check that the electrical equipment is in good condition. The HSE booklet ‘Maintaining portable and transportable electrical equipment’ will help you do this.

Check that the equipment is suitable for the electrical supply with which it is going to be used, and the electrical supply is safe.

It is often beneficial to use a Residual Current Device (RCD) between the electrical supply and the equipment.

Make sure that the user of the equipment is trained to use it safely and can keep others safe.

Make sure the user knows which personal protective equipment to wear, how to use it, and make sure they do.

Check that the electrical equipment is suitable

The equipment should be physically capable of doing the job, and designed and constructed so that mechanical and electrical stresses do not cause the equipment to become unsafe.

If the environment is damp you may choose to use battery or air powered equipment, or equipment that operates at a reduced voltage such as that supplied by a transformer with an output that is centre tapped to earth (this halves the voltage between a live wire and earth). These are used in the construction industry and are readily available from hire shops.

If the environment is conductive with restricted movement (e.g. inside a metal tank) additional precautions are necessary. BS7671 ‘Requirements for Electrical Installations’, IEE Wiring Regulations, Seventeenth edition, Section 706, gives guidance on this.

If there is the chance that there is an explosive atmosphere (containing flammable aerosols, vapours, gases or dusts) nearby you should ensure the work can be carried out safely and that the right equipment is chosen.

Check that the electrical equipment is in good condition

Many faults with work equipment can be found during a simple visual inspection:

Switch off and unplug the equipment before you start any checks.

Check that the plug is correctly wired (but only if you are competent to do so).

Ensure the fuse is correctly rated by checking the equipment rating plate or instruction book.

Check that the plug is not damaged and that the cable is properly secured with no internal wires visible.

Check the electrical cable is not damaged and has not been repaired with insulating tape or an unsuitable connector. Damaged cable should be replaced with a new cable by a competent person.

Check that the outer cover of the equipment is not damaged in a way that will give rise to electrical or mechanical hazards.

Check for burn marks or staining that suggests the equipment is overheating.

Position any trailing wires so that they are not a trip hazard and are less likely to get damaged.

Additional regular inspections may be required where a risk assessment indicates this is necessary (such as where equipment is used in a harsh environment). These inspections should be performed by a competent person using suitable equipment, and often enough to ensure equipment does not become unsafe between the inspections.

The table below gives a list of suggested initial inspection intervals for different types of equipment. The combined inspection and test could be a Portable Appliance Test (PAT), or a detailed test with a more sophisticated instrument. You should make sure that the person carrying out the tests is trained and competent to do so.

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It emerged as an identifiable occupation in the latter half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electrical power generation, distribution and use

Electrical engineering is now divided into a wide range of fields, including computer engineering, systems engineering, power engineering, telecommunications, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and electronics. Many of these disciplines overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations including hardware engineering, power electronics, electromagnetics and waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electrochemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, and electrical materials science.

Electrical engineers typically hold a degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering. Practising engineers may have professional certification and be members of a professional body or an international standards organization. These include the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) (formerly the IEE).

Electrical engineers work in a very wide range of industries and the skills required are likewise variable. These range from circuit theory to the management skills of a project manager. The tools and equipment that an individual engineer may need are similarly variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to sophisticated design and manufacturing software

Electricity has been a subject of scientific interest since at least the early 17th century. was a prominent early electrical scientist, and was the first to draw a clear distinction between magnetism and static electricity. He is credited with establishing the term “electricity”

Importance of Good Electrical Maintenance Practices

Good maintenance practices are not just limited to equipment in the facility. In fact, you need to follow good maintenance practices when it comes to the electrical aspect of the organization. You need to plan every step carefully, encourage proactive management and comprehensive reporting. Intelligent construction, proper design and commissioning are also key factors.

Why Focus on Electrical Safety

Apart from the obvious and undoubtedly an important reason, that you need to provide a safe working environment for your employees, there are few more reasons why you need place a lot of emphasis on electrical safety.

It is a regulatory and legislative duty to ensure the safety of all the electrical installations present in the premises. Moreover, it is a statutory obligation to make sure that life safety systems like fire detection, emergency lighting and alarm systems work properly when they are needed.

Don’t forget to assess the transportation systems such as escalators, lifts and moving walkways at regular intervals. Record and sign off on all the maintenance activities of the electrical systems. You need to use a log book that records periodic tests in order to demonstrate compliance with fire alarms, emergency lighting and similar systems with statutory requirements. This log book must be available for auditing purposes. Note down all the dates of tests being conducted on the electrical equipment, anomalies, and the necessary remedial actions.

These are some electrical maintenances that need to be a part of every organization.

Make sure that the electrical equipment isn’t located in a hazardous environment. For example, do not place any electrical equipment in a damp or wet location or any place that is exposed to high temperatures and flammable substances.

Ensure that the over-current and safety devices like circuit breakers, fuses or ground fault circuit interrupters are not damaged or haven’t been tampered with. Check regularly to ensure that they are performing as per the required standards.

Never overload the circuits or outlets. Make sure you use only the equipment that is properly grounded or double insulated.

The working staff should remove all the metal jewelry before working on electrical circuits and equipment.

Inspect the power cord to confirm that there are no defects like exposed wiring or damaged insulation.

Don’t run the electrical cables and cords through open spaces where the chances of tripping are high. Do not cover them with rugs or mats as it will block the visibility, thus increasing the risk of tripping.

Identify whether the equipment has an emergency shutoff switch and if they do, locate them before you put the equipment to use.

Only use equipment that has been approved by a national testing laboratory


If you take care of your tools, they will return the favor. Proper care and routine maintenance of your hand tools and power tools makes any home improvement or repair project easier, safer and more successful. Proper tool care also saves you money because the better they’re cared for, the longer they’ll last.


Hand tools such as screwdrivers, wrenches, hammers, pliers, levels, and wire cutters are examples of common household tools that are often left out in places such as basements, garages and tool sheds. Tools are tough, but they are not indestructible and exposure to the elements can take its toll.


Power tools such as electric drills, saws, sanders and nailers need routine maintenance just like your hand tools. Because of their mechanical and electrical parts, power tools are more susceptible to problems caused by poor maintenance, dust and debris accumulation and general malfunction. The following are some helpful tips on how to clean and properly store your tools.

Dust and grime can bring your power tools to a grinding halt if left unchecked over time. Wipe them clean with a rag after every job has been completed and then store them. Deep clean periodically by using a damp cloth. Get into exhausts and intakes and other hard-to-clean areas with lightly oiled cotton swabs or other slender tools

Keep your power tools protected from dust, moisture and other adverse conditions by storing them properly after use. Keep them in their original cases if possible, or tuck them away in storage drawers or tool chests, preferably in a garage or basement with a moderately controlled climate. This not only protects them, it also keeps them organized so you can easily find the tool you need when you need it



Finding the inspiration to write an awesome resume can be tough. You may want to tailor it to fit a specific job description. Or maybe you’re having a hard time deciding what job experiences to include. Everything that goes into creating a perfect resume can take hours, days, even weeks. All of that work for an employer to take a glance. Studies show that employers only spend about 5-7 seconds looking at a single resume. No pressure or anything, but that leaves you with about 6 seconds to make an impression.

Now, take a deep breath. We’re going to figure out exactly what you need on your resume as an Electrical Maintenance Technician. Since we’ve looked over 2083 Electrical Maintenance Technician resumes, we’re close to being experts to knowing exactly what you need on your resume. No matter what you want to make sure the resume captures exactly what you can bring to the table, so let’s hop to it.


Relevant Experience

Make sure that the jobs, experience, and accolades that you do include are relevant to the position you’re applying for.

The Right Skills

This is a great time to run wild with those keywords found in the job description. If they’re looking for someone with Electrical Systems, be sure to list it as a skill.

Quantifiable Achievements

Achievements and awards relevant to the position speak louder than a high GPA, especially if you can quantify your achievement with a number.

Your Unique Qualities

Recruiters and hiring managers are looking at hundreds of resumes. Let yours stand out, and try not to sound too boring.

How Can My Home Benefit From Water Testing Services

Facts about your drinking water

Your water comes from natural sources

Most of the drinking water manages these catchment areas to ensure they can continue to deliver the best quality water for years to come. expertise and monitoring ensures they select the best quality source water for us to filter.

Your water is filtered

We filter 100% of your water. Experienced operators, state-of-the-art monitoring and computer controls ensure that your water meets the Drinking Water GuidelinesThis external link will open in a new window. These guidelines  are some of the strictest in the world.

Your water is safe to drink

add a small amount of chlorine to your drinking water at our filtration plants to protect you from micro-organisms. It’s safe and effective. The amounts we add are informed by the Drinking Water Guidelines.

also use other steps to make sure your drinking water remains safe after it leaves the filtration plant. These include:

state-of-the-art leak detection programs

secure, covered reservoirs and inspection programs

secondary chlorination in the network

pressurising the pipes to keep things out.

Your water is tested and monitored

continuously monitor your water quality at key steps. work together with to take samples every step of the way from the lake or river, to just outside customers’ homes and businesses.

Protect Your Family: A Guide to Water Quality Testing for Private Wells

Some contaminants in drinking water have been linked to cancer and toxicity, posing a risk to human health. Many contaminants often have no taste, odor, or color. Only laboratory testing can detect them.

While there is no state requirement to have your well water tested (although there may be from your mortgage lender or local Board of Health), the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) recommends that all homeowners with private wells do so, and use a state certified laboratory.

Contamination of Wells

Well water originates as rain and snow that then filters into the ground. As it soaks through the soil, the water can dissolve materials that are present on or in the ground, becoming contaminated.

Other contaminants find their way onto the land from human activities. On a large scale, industrial/commercial activities, improper waste disposal, road salting, and fuel spills can introduce hazardous substances to the ground. However, even typical residential activities, such as the application of fertilizers and pesticides, fueling of lawn equipment, and disposal of household chemicals can contaminate the ground when done improperly. Even an on-site residential septic system can pose a threat to your well. That is why taking measures to protect your well from contamination is so important.

Recommended Tests

The following tests provide only the most basic indicators of a well’s water quality. These tests identify some of the common natural and man-made contaminants found in our state’s well water. However, you should also consider nearby land uses to decide whether additional tests are appropriate for your well. It is not necessary to do all of the tests at one time.

Water Quality Indicators

Volunteers test for several key water quality indicators. The resulting water quality data provide baseline information, helps identify trends or changes in water quality, and aids investigations into problems such as nonpoint-source pollution and nutrient enrichment.

professional monitors conduct similar tests when they evaluate water quality. The testing provides data to LCRA, providing an early warning system for potential water pollution. For detailed information on water quality tests conducted by CRWN volunteers, see the CRWN Water Quality Monitoring Manual

Dissolved oxygen (DO)

The DO test measures the amount of oxygen dissolved in the water. Oxygen is essential for both plants and animals, but high levels in water can be harmful to fish and other aquatic organisms. Nonpoint-source pollution can decrease the amount of dissolved oxygen in water, which can be harmful to fish and other aquatic organisms. The decomposition of leaf litter, grass clippings, sewage and runoff from feedlots decreases DO readings. Dissolved oxygen is measured in milligrams per liter (mg/L). Expected levels: 4.0 to 12.0 mg/L

Water temperature

Aquatic organisms are dependent on certain temperature ranges for optimal health. Temperature affects many other parameters in water, including dissolved oxygen, types of plants and animals present and the susceptibility of organisms to parasites, pollution and disease. Causes of temperature change in water include weather conditions, shade and discharges from urban sources or groundwater inflows. Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius (°C). Seasonal trends: May to October: 22 to 35°C, November to April: 2 to 27°C


A pH test measures the alkalinity or acidity of water. A pH of 7 is neutral, below 7 is acidic and above 7 is basic or alkaline. Acid rain, from auto exhaust or other pollutants, causes a drop in the pH. Pollution from accidental spills, agricultural runoff and sewer overflows can also change the pH. Buffering capacity is water’s ability to resist changes in pH, and is critical to the survival of aquatic life. The limestone soils of Central Texas act to neutralize these acids and often result in a more basic pH. While young fish and insect larvae are sensitive to a low pH (acid), extreme values on either end of the scale can be lethal to most organisms. Expected levels: 6.5 to 9.0

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

E. coli is a fecal coliform bacteria that comes from human and animal waste. The Environmental Protection Agency uses E. coli measurements to determine whether fresh water is safe for recreation. Disease-causing bacteria, viruses and protozoans may be present in water that has elevated levels of E. coli. Levels of E. coli can increase during flooding. E. coli is measured in number of colony forming units. The EPA water quality standard for E. coli bacteria is 394 colony forming units per 100 mL.

Specific conductance

The specific conductance test measures the ability of water to pass an electrical current. Conductivity in water is affected by inorganic dissolved solids such as chloride, sulfate, sodium, calcium and others. Conductivity in streams and rivers is affected by the geology of the area through which the water flows. Streams that run through granite bedrock will have lower conductivity, and those that flow through limestone and clay will have higher conductivity. High conductance readings also can come from industrial pollution or urban runoff, such as water flowing from streets, buildings and parking lots. Extended dry periods and low flow conditions also contribute to higher conductance. Organic compounds, such as oil, do not conduct electrical current very well, so an oil spill tends to lower the conductivity of the water. Temperature also affects conductivity; warm water has a higher conductivity. Specific conductance is measured in microsiemens per centimeter (µS/cm). Expected levels: 300 to 700 µS/cm

Internet of things enabled real time water quality monitoring system

Smart solutions for water quality monitoring are gaining importance with advancement in communication technology. This paper presents a detailed overview of recent works carried out in the field of smart water quality monitoring. Also, a power efficient, simpler solution for in-pipe water quality monitoring based on Internet of Things technology is presented. The model developed is used for testing water samples and the data uploaded over the Internet are analyzed. The system also provides an alert to a remote user, when there is a deviation of water quality parameters from the pre-defined set of standard values.

Ensuring the safety of water is a challenge due the excessive sources of pollutants, most of which are man-made. The main causes for water quality problems are over-exploitation of natural resources. The rapid pace of industrialization and greater emphasis on agricultural growth combined with latest advancements, agricultural fertilizers and non-enforcement of laws have led to water pollution to a large extent. The problem is sometimes aggravated due to the non-uniform distribution of rainfall. Individual practices also play an important role in determining the quality of water

Water quality is affected by both point and non-point sources of pollution, which include sewage discharge, discharge from industries, run-off from agricultural fields and urban run-off. Other sources of water contamination include floods and droughts and due to lack of awareness and education among users. The need for user involvement in maintaining water quality and looking at other aspects like hygiene, environment sanitation, storage and disposal are critical elements to maintain the quality of water resources.

Fertilizers and pesticides used by farmers can be washed through the soil by rain, to end up in rivers. Industrial waste products are also washed into rivers and lakes. Such contaminations enter the food chain and accumulate until they reach toxic levels, eventually killing birds, fish and mammals. Chemical factories also dispose wastes in the water. Factories use water from rivers to power machinery or to cool down machinery. Raising the temperature of the water lowers the level of dissolved oxygen and upsets the balance of life in the water

Main objectives of online water quality monitoring include measurement of critical water quality parameters such as microbial, physical and chemical properties, to identify deviations in parameters and provide early warning identification of hazards. Also, the monitoring system provides real time analysis of data collected and suggest suitable remedial measures.

Water Testing

Accurate and routine water testing is key to protecting the environment and public health. Water contamination can occur naturally, or as a result of human activity. provides water testing services to public and private sector clients including consultants, natural resource sectors, First Nations, municipalities, federal and provincial governments, and individuals

These are the critters that can make you sick, including bacteria, viruses, protozoa, etc. microbiological testing capabilities in water include:





Biological Activity Reaction Tests


As a very general rule (that not all chemists agree on!), inorganic compounds are composed of two or more elements, except those containing only carbon and hydrogen bonds (AKA: Organic compounds). A sample of capabilities in this area include:

Physical Tests







These compounds are characteristically made up of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms. They can also include other elements including Nitrogen, Oxygen, etc. Some examples of Organic parameters tests for include:

Pharmaceuticals & Personal Care Products

Perfluorinate Compounds (PFCs)


Volatile Organic Compounds

Phenols, PCBs

Disinfection Bi-products (HAAs, THMs)

Glycols and Volatile Fatty Acids


Some metals are essential for life and are naturally available in food, soil, and water. Others can be harmful, even at low concentrations. Testing services include:

Standard ICP-MS

Low Level ICP-MS

ICP-MS/MS for High Matrix

Mercury (Cold Vapour)

Metals Speciation