Reasons Why Finding The Right Tax Planning Pro Can Save You Thousands

What is Tax Planning?

Tax Planning is minimizing your tax liability by making the best use of all available deductions, allowances, rebates, thresholds, etc as permitted by income tax laws, rules stipulated by the government of a country. It helps in effective cash flow and liquidity management for taxpayers and better retirement plans and investment opportunities.

Types of Tax Planning

Now let’s discuss the 3 different types in detail.

  • Periodic Planning – Tax planning can either be of short or longer period of time, if done for less than 12 months, is known as shorter period planning, whereas planning done for more than 12 months is known as longer period planning. For example, there are short term and long-term capital gains taxes depending upon the holding period of assets/investments.
  • Liberal Planning – Here, the planning conforms to law provisions of tax and distinguishes the same with tax evasion or tax avoidance.
  • Intended Planning – This method is based on loopholes in the tax laws and unexplored areas.

Changes in Tax Planning

  • The consequences of tax changes should be anticipated and considered as you evaluate choices for financial strategies. You can usually be aware of any tax law changes well in advance to incorporate them into your planning.

Tax deductions, allowances, and slab rates tend to frequently change every year as per the economic scenario and taking into government fiscal targets. These changes must be kept in mind while doing tax planning as a ready reckoner.

  • Changes in tax laws are brought in sometimes to boost the economic scenario, infrastructure growth, and industrial development. For example, recently, the scope of capital gains tax in the UK for Non-UK residents was extended to include all disposals of UK property. These are just the first in the line of reforms coming down the track in the next few years that will have a significant impact on landlords.


Tax planning has numerous advantages and lesser disadvantages. They should be done within the applicable limits of tax laws and clearly distinguished with tax evasion or tax avoidance, both of which are not allowable under the applicable limits of tax laws. Also, any changes in tax laws should be kept into consideration.

They can only be done up to a certain amount limit as per the thresholds fixed by the government tax laws. There are many tax-saving financial products available in the financial markets. Those products need to be evaluated with pros and cons before buying the same and whether it can actually lead to tax savings or not.

Tax Planning Vs Tax Management

It’s critical that you understand the difference between the two!

What techniques your business is currently utilising? Is it Tax Planning techniques, Tax Management techniques or even both! Knowing the Comparable differences will have a major impact on your Business profitability.

Tax Planning Vs Tax Management

Tax Planning is all about planning of taxable income and planning of investments of the Tax Payer. As against, Tax Management deals with the proper maintenance of financial records, audit of accounts, timely filing of the return, payment of taxes and appearing before the appellate authority, whenever required. Some of the major comparisons includes:

Tax planning   

  • The objective of tax planning is to reduce the tax liability to the minimum.      
  • Tax planning is futuristic in its approach.         
  • Tax planning is very wide in its coverage and includes tax management.           
  • The benefits arising from tax planning are substantial particularly in the long run.        

Tax management

  • The objective of Tax Management is to comply with the provisions of law.
  • Tax Management relates to past (i.e. assessments proceedings, rectification, revisions, appeals etc.), present (filing of return of income on time based on updated records) and future (corrective action).
  • Tax Management has a limited scope, i.e., it deals with specific activities such as filing of returns of income on time, drafting appeals, deductions of tax at source on tome, updating records from time to time, etc.
  • As a result of effective tax Management, penalty, penal interest, prosecution, etc can be avoided.

Objectively Assessing And Actively Managing Your Tax Risk

Tax law is complex and filing tax returns is a major source of worry whether it is for individuals or big organizations. Tax planning deals with the arrangement of a taxpayer’s affairs in such a manner that it complies with the tax laws and regulations in place. The Scope team will work in partnership with you to minimise your tax and help achieve your key objectives.

The most common mistake that people usually make is to think that tax planning is optimised when every opportunity to reduce taxes have been taken.

Common tax planning techniques that can be deployed usually defer the derivation of assessable income and apply techniques to bring forward deductions. It is however important to realise that consideration may also need to be given to the general and any relevant specific anti-avoidance measures contained in tax law.

Some of the opportunities to reduce tax rely on strained interpretations of the law and this could jeopardise your business and land you in trouble! Hence, tax planning isn’t just about reducing tax; it is also about interpreting the law and finding the optimal solution to your problem.

Scope Business Advisors will assess your situation objectively and actively manage your tax risks.

Business tax returns involve a different assessment and the groundwork involved is a lot more extensive as compared to individual tax returns. We address every need of our clients with the same amount of care and importance whatever be the size of their business.

Tips To Follow For Upholstery Cleaning

Fav Upholstery Cleaning Tips

Today I’m sharing my favorite and most effective upholstery cleanings tips. After growing up in a family who owned a professional carpet and upholstery cleaning company, I learned some tricks that help remove stains, remove a dirt-attracting residue left by some products, and prevent stains from returning.

I’m pretty picky on products I will use on carpet and upholstery because of my upbringing and literally cleaning in hundreds of people’s homes. For years I would go with my dad or older brother and my job was to clean furniture, steps, and to pre-treat stains in carpet. We often were called to clean up after messes or problems resulting from people renting machines (which soaked the carpet and use detergents) or trying home remedies that caused more damage than it was worth. Many times people would use a popular product that looked like it removed the stain or dirt, only to find the stain returned or it got dirty fast again.

Be sure to consult your furniture manufacturer’s recommendations for how to clean the upholstery. This is not a dry-cleaning method and is not recommended for dry-clean only furniture

I still believe calling a professional carpet and upholstery cleaner is going to give you the deepest clean, but these tips will have your upholstery looking great and you won’t have to call in the professional as often.

Let’s start with this cute little ottoman, shall we? It gets the dirtiest out of all our furniture because we put our feet on it and sometimes my husband will use it as a table to put a plate of food on.


If you have kids and pets, your furniture has likely seen better days. Upholstered furniture, in particular, seems to get the brunt of the damage, from stains to rips and tears and more. Rather than tossing your old furniture, try these upholstery tips and tricks to bring the fabric back to life. You’ll be surprised at how much better it’ll look with a little elbow grease and TLC

Make your own upholstery cleaner using alcohol, vinegar and essential oils to make it all smell nice

Use a squeegee to pull pet hair off of upholstery, and then vacuum up the clumps.

Tired of the way your furniture looks? Give that upholstery a fresh coat of paint. (Yes, paint!) Just look at that transformation!

Sprinkle baking soda on upholstery to get rid of bad smells. Let it sit for about 20-30 minutes, and vacuum it off when you’re done


Dirty Sofa?

understand that life happens. all have similar habits. eat, drink, nap, and occasionally spill things on furniture. That’s just a part of life.

The sofa is where hang out in the evenings. It’s a bed for college pals when they come to visit. It’s where we watch the big game while eating greasy foods. The sofa is where find comfort on the weekend for a peaceful nap. It is also the place where pets like to sit, roll around, and sleep. The sofa has long been “go-to” place in my house. How about your home?

Germs. Bacteria. Dirt. Dust Mites. Food. Oils. Drinks. Grease. Pet Hair and Dander.

A regularly cleaned sofa can reduce dust mite allergens. Plus, a professional upholstery cleaning can help remove the dirt, bacteria, grease, oils, dead skin cells, viruses, and mold that is trapped within the fibers of your furniture.

Most adults clean their bodies each day. Sometimes more often. will wash the dishes every day. For most, do laundry and clean our clothes on a very regular basis. clean the toilet. take automobiles to the car wash every weekend. clean the tub.

Do you find yourself asking, “Why should I choose professional upholstery cleaning versus cleaning it myself?” Let’s take just a minute to look at few things together in order to help you make the most informed decision possible.

The Benefits of Hiring a Professional Furniture Cleaning Company

Upholstery Cleaning Tips and When to Hire a Pro

Furniture is important to the overall appearance of your home. But over time, your upholstery collects dirt and stains that make it look tired and dingy. A professional upholstery cleaning service can remove those stains and make your furniture look new again for the fraction of the cost of replacement.

About Professional Upholstery Cleaning

Upholstery cleaning is a service typically provided by carpet cleaning companies. You’ll rarely find companies that focus solely on upholstery cleaning because there’s not a huge market for the service. Professional carpet cleaners are skilled at handling a variety of upholstery types, including very delicate fabrics.

Hiring a Professional Furniture Cleaning Company

To keep your furniture looking spick and span, regular upholstery cleaning in is essential. However trying to perform this task yourself can result in some disastrous consequences for your furniture and home!

Servicing all types of fabrics: professional furniture cleaning companies have the experience and know-how to deal with all types of fabrics and furniture items. If the company has been around for some time, you can be sure they have come across your type of furniture and fabrics before! Therefore these companies know how to deal with the most delicate natural fibers to the most robust fabrics.

The value of safety: as professional companies, safety is one of the top concerns when deciding on cleaning techniques and product types. Therefore you can be assured that the products and processes used are safe for your family, children and pets. Many chemicals purchased in stores or concocted using household cleaning products can be toxic and therefore can be a hazard to your home environment! Professional companies are aware of these dangers and can take the necessary precautions.

Benefits of Professional Upholstery Cleaning

Chances are that you picked out your furniture because you liked it, so why not treat it like you still do? Throughout the course of a normal day, your upholstery goes through wear and tear that can lead to serious damage over time

Better Air Quality

Due to its fibrous nature, upholstery naturally collects allergens throughout the course of its lifetime. Professional upholstery cleaning goes deep into the fibers of your furniture and removes dander, pollen, and dust that can cause allergies and agitate the eyes, nose, and throat. The removal of these allergens leads to better air quality in your home and a healthier life for you and your family.

Longer Furniture Life

It’s no secret: the better you care for your belongings, the longer they last. It’s true for cars; it’s true for clothing, and it’s true for furniture. Professional upholstery cleaning prevents stains from forming in the fabric of your furniture. It removes odors, body oil, and dust that can permanently adhere to your upholstery without proper maintenance. By utilizing a professional upholstery cleaner, you can extend the life of your furniture and save yourself money in the long run!

Better Aesthetic Appearance

all look better after a shower than if haven’t had one for a while. The same goes for your upholstery! Professional upholstery cleaning will leave your furniture looking renewed. It will help preserve the overall integrity of your cushions and prevent the deterioration. The result of professional upholstery cleaning is better looking furniture and a better looking home!

Cleaner, Fresher Smell

Your furniture has been there through thick and thin—and it’s starting to smell like it. From pets to teenagers to that mostly-cleaned-up macaroni and cheese spill, your upholstery has acquired a few scents in its lifetime. While you may be able to cover them up with a quick spray of air freshener, only a thorough, deep cleaning will truly rid your furniture of its unwanted odors. Give it a fresh start. Your nose will thank you for it!

Tips To Selecting A Complete Pediatric Formula For Your Kid

What makes a good pediatric dentist?

Taking your little one to the dentist can be quite scary for both you and the child. As such, understanding what you should expect helps in easing any anxiety priority to the visit.

According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, it is recommended that a child has his/her first oral visit by the age of 1. What’s more, in case family history suggests any risks of oral issues such as early cavities, earlier visits might be necessary.

Usually, the very first appointment is mainly for checking the hygiene of teeth and determining how well are they developing. When looking for a pediatric dentist, several qualities need to be kept in mind in order to ensure that your child is at ease with this experience. These qualities are as follows:

The Dentist Should Be Attentive and Gentle to the Children

While you are opting for a dental practice, you need to look for a dentist who is reputed for being gentle and kind towards children. A dentist who is gentle and vastly experienced in handling children will be well versed with how to react in a productive way when a child throws a tantrum or becomes frightened. Plus, you should also look for a child-friendly staff as that will also establish more welcoming and calming atmosphere for the child. This will certainly help the child in overcoming their fears.

He or She Should Respond to All Parental Concerns

One other quality of a decent dental practice is responsiveness to any parental concerns. You should look for a practitioner who’s willing to address and answer all of your concerns and questions, regardless of how insignificant they might seem. Prior to the appointment, prepare a list of questions to make sure all of your concerns get addressed.

A Child-Centric Atmosphere

Another sign of a qualified pediatric dentist is a focus on all the needs of the children. A child can be quite resistant and hesitant to his/her first visit. This is why they require additional moral support. Having a practice which focuses on what the child needs to get through their first visit is important. You should definitely look for a practice which lets you sit with your child during their appointment.

A Vested Interest in the Oral Health of Children

A good pediatric dentist will always have a vested interest in the oral health of a child. This includes talking in detail with the parents regarding the development of teeth. Moreover, the pediatric dentist should also explain proper habits for oral hygiene in detail.

Personality Traits Your Pediatric Dentist Should Have

A good pediatric dentist needs to have many qualities in order to make children feel safe and secure when they are at the dentist.

Going to the dentist can be a very scary thing. Even for adults, thoughts of going to the dentist can bring on feelings of fear, dread, anxiety, claustrophobia, and more. Taking this into consideration, it goes without saying that going to the dentist can be downright traumatic for children. Children are much more sensitive and prone to anxiety when it comes to being sat down in a chair and having a masked person stick loud tools into their mouth.

For this reason, a trusted pediatric dentist is absolutely essential when it comes to getting dental work done on children. Pediatric dentists need to possess a special list of qualities if they wish to thrive in their position. Let’s take a look at five personality traits your pediatric dentist should have.

A Love for Children

It goes without saying that your pediatric dentist should love children. Children are much different than adults and they require a certain amount of patience and understanding to effectively care for. Anybody who works with children needs to be kind and patient towards them.

Children may be underdeveloped in terms of mental capabilities, but one thing they can sense better than adults is if somebody likes them or not. If your pediatric dentist truly loves children, your child will be able to tell and will feel more comfortable around them.


All dentists need to be knowledgeable, however pediatric dentists need to be especially knowledgeable of children’s teeth. There are many different things pediatrics dentists need to look out for like signs of thumb sucking, pacifier use, and teeth grinding.

Kid Friendly Office

Normal dentist offices are boring and they might scare a child. A pediatric dentist needs to have an office that is decorated and colorful to make the children feel much more at home. They should have things like cartoons playing on a TV, toys, and decorations to take the child’s mind off of the dental work.


Children need to be educated on why it’s important to brush their teeth, how to brush their teeth, and what will happen if they don’t brush their teeth. A good pediatric dentist should be able to communicate all of this to your child in a way that isn’t boring and monotonous.


Although a pediatric dentist needs to be kind, they also need to be able to get children to cooperate. A good dentist will usually be able to get a child to cooperate with them, without having to boss them around or scare them.

Things to consider when choosing a pediatric dentist for your child

Whether you’re a new parent or a seasoned pro, you want to take care of your kid’s health. In the same way you send your child to a pediatric doctor who specializes in medical care for children, you should also send him or her to a pediatric dentist for their oral care.

Visiting the dentist in your child’s first year may seem early, but this is a pivotal time as your child’s baby teeth are appearing.

You can get things off to a great start by visiting a pediatric dentist who can examine the health of your child’s first few teeth.

Here a key things to consider when choosing the right pediatric dentist for your child:

Do they have Special Training?

Pediatric dentists are uniquely qualified to protect your child’s oral health. This is because they have an additional two to three years of training, in addition to four years of dental school and four years of college study. Some pediatric dentists (including those at Children and Teen Dental) practiced general dentistry before specializing, giving them a unique perspective.

The specialty training teaches them how to deal with children’s behavior, make kids feel comfortable, and create a pleasant experience. Pediatric dentists also receive training and qualifications for treating patients with special needs.

Do they Provide a Fun, Welcoming Environment?

Many people fear going to the dentist…even adults. That’s why our primary responsibility is to ensure that going to a pediatric dentist is not a frightening experience. We designed our offices to be bright, happy places for both the physical and psychological needs of children. You’ll find an environment that brings about ear-to-ear smiles and radiates a friendly tone.

But it’s not just the building or the decor…the people here are fun and welcoming too! We believe the workplace should be fun, especially for our patients.

We use positive language, even when things might be uncomfortable, to help children have a positive experience. We describe things with words like pinch, wiggle, whistle, and raincoat to describe the dental environment.

We also use a technique called “TELL, SHOW, DO” while treating your child:

  • We will TELL your child what we are going to do
  • SHOW them what we are going to do
  • and DO the procedure

The main goal here is to build trust and establish communication with the child. Sometimes this requires funny voices or nonverbal expressions, and we will do whatever it takes to ensure your child is comfortable with their pediatric dentist.

Do they Take a Preventative Approach?

It’s always better to be proactive instead of reactive, and pediatric dentistry is no exception. Waiting until your child already has a cavity that causes pain is too late. Since children are much more susceptible to tooth decay than adults, you want to find a dentist who understands the mouths of children and can recognize problems before they become even more problematic.

At Children & Teen Dental, we offer several treatments that help prevent tooth decay in children. One example is a dental sealant, which forms a protective shield over the enamel of each tooth. Baby teeth have tiny grooves that make it almost impossible to keep clean, even if your child brushes regularly. Dental sealants help protect those grooves and prevent tooth decay.

Another preventative approach is fluoride treatment. Fluoride makes teeth more resistant to decay and even repairs tiny areas of decay before they become big cavities. We start by examining the amount of fluoride your child already receives through tap water or toothpaste, and if necessary, recommend fluoride supplements.

Dental sealants and fluoride treatment can prevent 95% of tooth decay, providing a healthy smile for your child for years to come.

Do they Treat You Like Family?

It’s important to have a relationship with your pediatric dentist built on trust. Your child’s oral health is important, and you need to know that they are in good hands. Our mission is to be a group of dedicated professionals who believe in building lasting relationships in our communities and with our patients.

That means we treat each patient like family. We treat others the way we want to be treated, and offer personalized care to meet your child’s specific needs. We hold ourselves to the highest standards of integrity, and seek to be completely honest in every evaluation and treatment. And of course, we love making visits a fun experience for both you and your child.

How did the Consultation Go?

A child’s first visit to the dentist should be more of a consultation. It is a chance to get to know the pediatric dentist, both for you and your child. This will give you a chance to observe the environment– does it feel safe and welcoming? Does your child seem comfortable around the pediatric dentists? Does the pediatric dentist seem competent and capable to care for your child’s unique needs?

Truck Tires Chain Reviews

The Importance of Tire Safety

It ensures your safety

Your tires are the only point of contact that your vehicle has with the road – they need to be in good working condition at all times to ensure your safety.

To avoid any problems, follow these important care tips:

  • Inspect your tire:

You may not always notice if one of your tires has been damaged. Inspect your tires regularly for wear and any damage to avoid any sudden problems. Also, have a professional inspect your tires every year.

  • Check the air pressure:

Driving with incorrect tire pressures can affect a vehicle’s handling and braking, particularly in wet conditions, and can seriously compromise your safety. Driving on severely under-inflated tires can cause heat build-up and eventually a premature failure. Check your tire pressure monthly and before every long trip.

  • Respect the load capacity:

Do not exceed the load capacity relative to the tire’s load index. Tires loaded beyond their maximum loads can build up excessive heat that may result in sudden tire destruction.

  • Driving at high speed* can damage your tire:

At greater speeds, tires have greater a chance of being damaged by road hazards or heat build-up. High speeds can also contribute to a rapid air loss or even a sudden tire explosion, which can cause the loss of control of the vehicle.

How do I Check My Tires?

Checking tires is not very difficult, and most auto mechanics check tires for free when you take your car in for maintenance.

First, determine the optimal air pressure for your tires. Some people fill their tires to the number that is printed on the side of the tire, but this is incorrect. The number printed on the side of the tire is actually the maximum amount of air the tire can safely hold according to the manufacturer. You should not fill your tire past this number. The actual amount of air that you should pump into your tires can be found in a few different places, look for the proper amount in:

  • Your car’s owner manual might tell you what your tire’s air pressure should be or where to look to find it.
  • Inside of the glove box might be a sticker that tells you proper air pressure for your tires.
  • The space where the driver side door and door-colum meet, near the latching mechanism, might be a sticker that tells you the proper air pressure for your tires.
  • If all else fails, you should be able to find the proper air pressure for your tires by searching for it online.

Second, check the pressure in your tires. You’re going to need a pressure gauge for this step. When you check tire pressure, make sure that you have not driven the car for a few hours in order to get an accurate reading. If you need to travel somewhere to check your air, then make sure you will not have to drive more than a mile to get there. Once you have a gauge and are ready to check the tire pressure, place the mouth of the gauge over the air valve of your tires and press firmly. A little air will leak from your tires at first, but if you fasten your gauge properly then the sound of leaking air should subside once the gauge is firmly attached.

Third, fill your tires. Plenty of convenience stores have air pumps located on the outside of the building, but you can also go to a tire store to have your tires filled. If you choose to fill your own tires, try to position your vehicle where you can pump all of your tires without moving your car again. Keeping your gauge ready, fill each tire to the recommended pressure that you found earlier. Fasten the mouth of the pump to your tire’s air valve the same way you did with your gauge. Fill your tire in short 10-15 second intervals and check the pressure with your gauge in between intervals. Your tire pressure should be within about five PSI of the recommended pressure by the time you are done. Afterwards, make sure that the caps to the air valves on your tires are screwed back on securely.

Fourth, check the tire tread. Don’t worry, checking tire tread is even easier than checking tire pressure. Take a penny and place Abe Lincoln’s head in between the grooves of the tire tread. If Lincoln’s head is buried to his neck, your tire’s tread is good. If Lincoln’s head is exposed, you need new tires.

What drivers don’t know

The real problem seems to be in the area of driver knowledge. Various studies have revealed that America’s drivers really don’t seem to know all that much about how to properly care for their tires. Just consider the alarming fact that surveys indicate that 85% of American drivers claim to not even know how to inflate their tires, or admit that they are not sure what the proper pressure should be! Here are some other important things to consider:

  • The total amount of time that is required to check your tires’ air pressure amounts to no more than ten seconds a day, or five minutes each month.
  • That five minutes could help you save somewhere in the neighborhood of 12 cents on each gallon of fuel since proper inflation of your vehicle tires is one of the best ways to enhance the fuel efficiency of your car or truck.

How Often Should I Check My Tires?

You should check your tires at least once a month or more. Although, there are specific situations when checking your tires would be wise. Tire pressure can change by one PSI for every 10 degree change in outside temperature. So if your tire pressure was good in winter, it might be overinflated now that it’s summer. If you are planning to take a road trip, check your tires before you leave, and once you reach your destination, and check your spare tire before you leave. You do not want to get stuck on the side of the road with a flat tire, especially if your spare is flat too.

Caring for your tires

Given that most Americans are unsure about how to maintain their tires, chances are that you might have a few questions yourself. The good news is that there are some fairly standard things to look for, and easy maintenance steps to take to ensure that your tires remain functional, safe, and legally eligible for use on the road.

  • Align the Wheels. You should have your wheel alignment checked by professionals each year, or any time that you are worried that the alignment may be off. For example, if you find your car pulling to one side, there is a good chance that your wheels are misaligned.
  • Tire Rotation. Your owner’s manual will offer guidance about the recommended schedule for rotations, and you should follow those instructions. Regular rotations can protect your tires from irregular wear and improve their longevity.
  • Monitor wear. Keep an eye out for tread wear, since any damage to your treads can cause hydroplaning and other issues. One quick test involves using a penny to measure the wear. Simply take a penny and insert it into the tire tread. If the tires are worn to the point where you can see any part of President Lincoln’s head, you should start thinking about getting new tires.
  • Inflate your tires. It is important to use a tire pressure gauge to ensure that your tires are properly inflated. Inflation is important for proper road grip, handling, and braking.

How To Catch A Squirrel

Ways to keep pests out of fruit trees


Critters can’t eat what they can’t reach. Prune trees about 6 feet away from buildings and fences. This might not be possible in smaller lots where trees are planted alongside structures, but do what you can and take that into account the next time you plant trees.

Climbing deterrents

When delicious fruit is the reward, even poor climbers can find the motivation to scale a tree trunk and get to it. To stop the climbing, loosely wrap trunks in metal flashing, extending about 4 feet above the ground.

The flashing should be tight enough to keep animals from slipping in from the bottom and squeezing between the flashing and trunk, but loose enough that it gives the tree room to grow. You also can take the guards off during the dormant seasons.

Baffles also can work. Install the umbrella shaped baffle just below the first branches on the tree. The animal may climb the tree, but won’t be able to get around the baffle to access the rest of the tree and the fruit.

Other barriers

Netting can be effective for some animals, but it depends on your fruit thief and the type of fruit you’re trying to protect. Squirrels and rodents can gnaw through plastic netting, and birds can peck through openings in the net.

What to do if you have a squirrel nuisance

If you are dealing with an abundance of squirrels in your yard, trapping may seem like a quick and simple solution to the problem.  But, as with many wild animals, if you remove one, you often open up territory for another squirrel or even a different animal to move in.

The best way to approach this problem is to look at it from the squirrel’s point of view.  Your home is in his territory.  If he’s choosing your yard/home to stay in you are doing something right, at least for the squirrel!  If you don’t want them hanging out in your yard it is often best to remove what’s attracting these critters to your yard.  They are looking for three main things:  food, water, and shelter/denning sources.

So, let’s look at possible ways of removing these necessities:

Remove/rake up food sources, such as nuts, berries, fruits, and acorns.

Secure all trash cans with tight lids and bungee cords.  It helps to rinse them out occasionally to remove the attracting odors.

If you have a bird feeder, buy a squirrel proof feeder or equip it with a baffle.

Remove/rake up seed that has fallen to the ground

Feed safflower seed instead of sunflower seeds.  Birds like safflower seeds however, squirrels don’t find them tasty.

Do not hang bird feeders in trees.

Do not place the bird feeder within 10feet to your house or trees because the squirrels will jump to the bird feeder.

In the garden, you may need to use a wire mesh cage around your plants.

May also try setting out a pan of water.  Often squirrels go for the tomatoes to quench their thirst.

If you don’t mind the squirrels, but want them to leave your garden alone, you may try putting a bird feeder filled with sunflower seeds and water on the opposite side of your yard to draw them away from your garden

Squirrels do not like the smell of mint.  You can use cotton balls soaked in mint and put them in your gardens or try planting some peppermint plants in your garden.

Cayenne pepper can be sprinkled around your flowers, bird feeder and yard. This will require reapplying after a rain or watering.

You can purchase deterrents that have the urine scent of squirrel predators.

Electronic devices such as high frequency sound emitters and/or motion activated sprinklers.

If the squirrels are gnawing on your deck or wood furniture, try lightly rubbing a bar of soap on the exposed surfaces.

If the squirrels are digging up your flower bulbs, you can research which ones they don’t like to eat.  For example, plant daffodils that squirrels find undesirable instead of tulips the squirrels find rather tasty.  Another option is to lay chicken wire over the planting bed.

If the squirrels are damaging your trees, you can use a metal guard. Contact a tree nursery for proper information.

Squirrels will make their den in an old cavity in a tree, woodpecker hole or your house, if accessible.  To keep them out of your house, inspect the outside of your home for any possible entries, even small ones, and fix them immediately.  Squirrels can squeeze through very small holes and will chew a small hole to make it big enough to get through.

Grey squirrels

The grey squirrel is a common mammal that in gardens can both delight by its acrobatic movements and annoy by damaging trees, feeding on flower buds, bulbs, fruits and vegetables

What are grey squirrels?

The grey squirrel is a rodent often seen in gardens and woodlands. Grey squirrels have are adaptable animals , they are omnivores  feeding on material of plant and animal origin. IN garden they can cause conbcern when they damage ornamental plants, fruits and vegetables


Grey squirrels are usually easily spotted. Some of the signs they have been present can include:

Eating fruits, nuts, seeds, flower buds and vegetables

Digging up and eating bulbs and corms

Raiding bird feeders and occasionally taking eggs from birds’ nests

Damage to lawns by burying or digging up food stores

Strip bark off trees, especially sycamore, maples, ash and beech

Gnawing on plastic, such as hosepipes, plant labels and plastic netting


It is not possible to stop squirrels from entering a garden and it is usually necessary to accept their presence or even appreciate their acrobatic antics. There are steps that can be taken to reduce the damage they cause. Additional information on living with grey squirrels can be downloaded from the RSPCA.

Netting can be placed over areas where bulbs and corms have been planted, to deter squirrels from digging them up. Alternatively groups of bulbs can be placed inside a planting basket designed for aquatic plants and the top covered with chicken wire. This can be sunk into the ground at the correct depth for the bulbs. Bulbs in pots can be protected with wire netting. Usually once bulbs have started growing, they become less attractive to squirrels and the barriers can be removed

The Other Twitterverse: Squirrels Eavesdrop On Birds, Researchers Say

Squirrels eavesdrop on the casual chitchat of birds to figure out when it’s safe enough to be out in the open and foraging for food. Researchers have found that a squirrel becomes incredibly vigilant when it hears the shriek of a red-tailed hawk, but it will relax and resume its food-seeking behavior more quickly if the predator’s call is immediately followed by the easygoing tweets of unconcerned birds.

While other researchers have focused on how animals tune into other species for warnings of danger, his team focused on whether animals also watch their neighbors for signs of safety. “I wanted to know if they might be paying attention to other information, as well,” says

Once she found a suitable eastern gray squirrel, she’d set up her equipment and hide behind a bush to perform the experiment. First, the squirrel would hear the recorded cry of a hawk. Then, the squirrel would hear either several minutes of casual bird talk that had been recorded around a bird feeder, or several minutes of silence that was recorded around the same feeder at night.

But once the data had been collected and analyzed, it was obvious that hearing pleasant, relaxed bird chatter made the squirrels resume foraging more quickly. “When squirrels are hearing chatter coming from other birds, that chatter conveys a message or a cue that apparently these birds feel pretty safe,” says

He says researchers have long focused on how individual species respond to other individual species. But increasingly, people are thinking about more complex communication networks in nature,

How to Keep Squirrels Out of Bird Feeders | Simple Solutions

Squirrels are notorious pests when it comes to stealing food that’s been put out for the birds. Here are some helpful ways to keep squirrels out of bird feeders.

How to Keep Squirrels Out of Bird Feeders

1. Slip the feeder onto a long wire and hang it between two trees, but away from any low branches. Also, string empty thread spools on the wire to act as a further deterrent.

2. If your bird feeder sits on a pole and you’re pestered by squirrels stealing the seeds, go to the pet store and buy a squirrel baffle. This is a plastic dome that you attach under the feeder. It curves downward and away from the feeder, providing a barrier against upwardly mobile squirrels. Make sure the baffle is high enough that the squirrels can’t jump past it.

3. If you’re truly desperate to keep squirrels out of bird feeders, set up a small squirrel feeding area on the ground a good distance away from your feeders. Though you will have to sacrifice some bird seed occasionally, it should keep the pests occupied and let the birds feed in peace.

More Squirrel Solutions

Squirrels sometimes like to chew on outdoor redwood furniture. To discourage this, try rubbing the legs with chili sauce, then buffing.

To keep squirrels out of the attic, check the space for holes. Use wire mesh to close all openings under the roof edge where it joins the sidewall. Also get rid of any branches that hang over your house and outbuildings so squirrels can’t use them as ladders.

It’s worth trying an ultra-high-frequency sound devices to repel squirrels and other small animals.